Thoracoscopy, considered to be one of the main areas of interventional pulmonology, is a minimally invasive procedure that allows to examine the pleural lining of the lungs, performed for diagnostic as well as therapeutic purposes. The primary aim of diagnostic thoracoscopy is to obtain a specific diagnosis when a pleural effusion of unknown origin is present, and this occurs almost exclusively when a positive result for TB or neoplasia is obtained after examination of the pleural tissue. Certain therapeutic utilities, include therapeutic thoracentesis, chest tube drainage and pleurodesis, indwelling pleural catheter placement, breaking loculations in cases of parapneumonic effusions/empyema, talc pleurodesis in malignant and chronic, recurrent non-malignant pleural effusions and pneumothorax
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