A case report of neonatal pediculosis: A simple challenge, yet complex

Viveka Santhosh Reddy Challa, Soundarya Mahalingam, Kamalakshi Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Neonatal pediculosis is a problem the magnitude of which has not been estimated; however, it is regarded as a diagnostic challenge and becomes one of the management challenges for which there are very few managementoptions in terms of age, gestation, and the potential effects of drug toxicity. Case report: Here, we report a case of preterm who developed pediculosis capitis in the neonatal intensive care unit following contact with the mother during kangaroo mother care (KMC). She was successfully treated with a combination of topical extra virgin coconut and olive oil. Other radical treatments could not be administered due to cultural barriers. Conclusion: Furthermore, maternal lice were treated with 1 % permethrin, and the KMC re-initiated. For a successful outcome, the education of the mother was equally important. The neonate was found to be free of lice on follow-up. Therefore, it is concluded that in neonatal pediculosis, topical oils are safe alternatives where drug toxicity is a constraint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-125
Number of pages3
JournalIranian Journal of Neonatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 06-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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