A clinico-etiological study of urethritis in men attending sexually transmitted disease clinic at a tertiary hospital

A. Kashinath Nayak, T. V. Anoop, S. Sacchidanand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Urethritis is an important sexually transmitted infection in the present day. Causative agents are many for urethritis, ranging from bacteria, virus, to protozoa. Aim: The aim was to study the various etiological agents and clinical presentation of men with urethritis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care center in Bengaluru. After taking written informed consent, 100 men with symptoms of urethritis were enrolled in the study. Their demographic details, presenting symptoms, and examination findings were documented using a questionnaire and a pro forma. Results were tabulated and analyzed using mean. Results: Nearly 68% had urethral discharge with dysuria as the presenting symptom. Nearly 27% had only dysuria without discharge as the main complaint. Almost 15% had coexistent genital ulcer disease. Human immunodeficiency virus infection was present in 10% in the population studied. The most prevalent organism isolated was Neisseria gonorrhoeae (45%). Chlamydia trachomatis was isolated in 13%. Trichomonas vaginalis was isolated in two patients. Conclusion: Our study highlights the high prevalence of gonorrhea in India when nongonococcal urethritis is the forerunner in the Western world. In addition, T. vaginalis as a cause of urethritis has to be considered in our setup.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2017
Externally publishedYes

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Urethritis
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Tertiary Care Centers
Dysuria
Trichomonas vaginalis
Western World
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Gonorrhea
Chlamydia trachomatis
Virus Diseases
Informed Consent
Ulcer
India
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
HIV
Viruses
Bacteria
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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abstract = "Introduction: Urethritis is an important sexually transmitted infection in the present day. Causative agents are many for urethritis, ranging from bacteria, virus, to protozoa. Aim: The aim was to study the various etiological agents and clinical presentation of men with urethritis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary care center in Bengaluru. After taking written informed consent, 100 men with symptoms of urethritis were enrolled in the study. Their demographic details, presenting symptoms, and examination findings were documented using a questionnaire and a pro forma. Results were tabulated and analyzed using mean. Results: Nearly 68{\%} had urethral discharge with dysuria as the presenting symptom. Nearly 27{\%} had only dysuria without discharge as the main complaint. Almost 15{\%} had coexistent genital ulcer disease. Human immunodeficiency virus infection was present in 10{\%} in the population studied. The most prevalent organism isolated was Neisseria gonorrhoeae (45{\%}). Chlamydia trachomatis was isolated in 13{\%}. Trichomonas vaginalis was isolated in two patients. Conclusion: Our study highlights the high prevalence of gonorrhea in India when nongonococcal urethritis is the forerunner in the Western world. In addition, T. vaginalis as a cause of urethritis has to be considered in our setup.",
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A clinico-etiological study of urethritis in men attending sexually transmitted disease clinic at a tertiary hospital. / Kashinath Nayak, A.; Anoop, T. V.; Sacchidanand, S.

In: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.07.2017, p. 136-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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