A comparative analysis of bacterial growth with earphone use

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recently the worldwide usage of earphones has increased especially among the school and college students who have a high rate of sharing among them. Alike airline headsets, headphones and stethoscope ear-pieces, ear phones can easily be a vector of potential pathogens, which can give rise to otitis externa. Purpose: To compare the bacterial growth of the external ear in association with earphone and assess the role of earphones as vector or microorganisms. Material and Methods: 50 voluntary male subjects (age 18-25 years) were chosen and divided into two groups, A and B, according to the use of earphones. Swabs were taken from their left ear and the left earpiece of the earphone. Samples were processed as recommended. Results: In group A, bacteria were found in 20 (80%) ear and 14 (56%) earphone swabs. In group B, bacteria were found in 23 (92%) ear and 17 (68%) earphone swabs. Group B showed heavy growth and a significant increase in the number of bacterial growths after frequent and constant use. Conclusion: Frequent and constant use of earphones increases the bacterial growth in the ear and sharing of earphones might be a potential vector of commensals. It is therefore, always better not to share or else to clean the earphones before sharing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalOnline Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2008

Fingerprint

Ear
Growth
Stethoscopes
Otitis Externa
Bacteria
External Ear
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{3c18a2e64159475f94cb91157423b530,
title = "A comparative analysis of bacterial growth with earphone use",
abstract = "Background: Recently the worldwide usage of earphones has increased especially among the school and college students who have a high rate of sharing among them. Alike airline headsets, headphones and stethoscope ear-pieces, ear phones can easily be a vector of potential pathogens, which can give rise to otitis externa. Purpose: To compare the bacterial growth of the external ear in association with earphone and assess the role of earphones as vector or microorganisms. Material and Methods: 50 voluntary male subjects (age 18-25 years) were chosen and divided into two groups, A and B, according to the use of earphones. Swabs were taken from their left ear and the left earpiece of the earphone. Samples were processed as recommended. Results: In group A, bacteria were found in 20 (80{\%}) ear and 14 (56{\%}) earphone swabs. In group B, bacteria were found in 23 (92{\%}) ear and 17 (68{\%}) earphone swabs. Group B showed heavy growth and a significant increase in the number of bacterial growths after frequent and constant use. Conclusion: Frequent and constant use of earphones increases the bacterial growth in the ear and sharing of earphones might be a potential vector of commensals. It is therefore, always better not to share or else to clean the earphones before sharing.",
author = "Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay and Soham Basak and Soham Gupta and Kiran Chawla and Indira Bairy",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences",
issn = "0972-5997",
publisher = "Light House Polyclinic",
number = "2",

}

A comparative analysis of bacterial growth with earphone use. / Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjay; Basak, Soham; Gupta, Soham; Chawla, Kiran; Bairy, Indira.

In: Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 2, 4, 01.04.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparative analysis of bacterial growth with earphone use

AU - Mukhopadhyay, Chiranjay

AU - Basak, Soham

AU - Gupta, Soham

AU - Chawla, Kiran

AU - Bairy, Indira

PY - 2008/4/1

Y1 - 2008/4/1

N2 - Background: Recently the worldwide usage of earphones has increased especially among the school and college students who have a high rate of sharing among them. Alike airline headsets, headphones and stethoscope ear-pieces, ear phones can easily be a vector of potential pathogens, which can give rise to otitis externa. Purpose: To compare the bacterial growth of the external ear in association with earphone and assess the role of earphones as vector or microorganisms. Material and Methods: 50 voluntary male subjects (age 18-25 years) were chosen and divided into two groups, A and B, according to the use of earphones. Swabs were taken from their left ear and the left earpiece of the earphone. Samples were processed as recommended. Results: In group A, bacteria were found in 20 (80%) ear and 14 (56%) earphone swabs. In group B, bacteria were found in 23 (92%) ear and 17 (68%) earphone swabs. Group B showed heavy growth and a significant increase in the number of bacterial growths after frequent and constant use. Conclusion: Frequent and constant use of earphones increases the bacterial growth in the ear and sharing of earphones might be a potential vector of commensals. It is therefore, always better not to share or else to clean the earphones before sharing.

AB - Background: Recently the worldwide usage of earphones has increased especially among the school and college students who have a high rate of sharing among them. Alike airline headsets, headphones and stethoscope ear-pieces, ear phones can easily be a vector of potential pathogens, which can give rise to otitis externa. Purpose: To compare the bacterial growth of the external ear in association with earphone and assess the role of earphones as vector or microorganisms. Material and Methods: 50 voluntary male subjects (age 18-25 years) were chosen and divided into two groups, A and B, according to the use of earphones. Swabs were taken from their left ear and the left earpiece of the earphone. Samples were processed as recommended. Results: In group A, bacteria were found in 20 (80%) ear and 14 (56%) earphone swabs. In group B, bacteria were found in 23 (92%) ear and 17 (68%) earphone swabs. Group B showed heavy growth and a significant increase in the number of bacterial growths after frequent and constant use. Conclusion: Frequent and constant use of earphones increases the bacterial growth in the ear and sharing of earphones might be a potential vector of commensals. It is therefore, always better not to share or else to clean the earphones before sharing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=51649098142&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=51649098142&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

JF - Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences

SN - 0972-5997

IS - 2

M1 - 4

ER -