A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes

Navya Thirumaleshwar Hegde, V. I. George, C. Gurudas Nayak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The comparative study and analysis of five different aircrafts namely, Cessna 182 (Class I), Beech 99 (Class II), Cessna T37A (Class II), Boeing 747 200 (Class III), McDonnell Douglas F4 (Class IV) at different flight conditions is presented in this paper. The mathematical model and dynamic characteristics of a generic aircraft is simulated, where some assumptions are made while deriving the models. The aircraft dynamic characteristics are derived as MATLAB functions and simulated. It gives full 6DoF aircraft mathematical modelling using Euler angles, trimming at desired flight conditions and generation of linearized model. Simulation results shows that the stability of longitudinal/lateral directional dynamics depends on the aircraft geometric parameters, inertial characteristics and flight conditions. Greater the value of ωNSP, higher the airspeed, resulting in faster dynamics of short period mode. As the altitude decreases, magnitude of ωNSP also decreases with increase in air density. The aircraft of lower size and weight associated with smaller value of Iyy leads to greater value of ωNSP. At low subsonic flight conditions (high values of CL1, low values for CDu) the value of ζPH is less as compared to the aircraft at higher subsonic conditions (lower values of CL1, higher values for CDu).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages584-589
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728101675
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-2019
Event3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019 - Coimbatore, India
Duration: 12-06-201914-06-2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019
CountryIndia
CityCoimbatore
Period12-06-1914-06-19

Fingerprint

Comparative Analysis
Aircraft
Lateral
Dynamic Characteristics
Euler Angles
Decrease
Trimming
Class
Mathematical Modeling
MATLAB
Comparative Study
Mathematical Model
Mathematical models
Air
Model
Simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Signal Processing

Cite this

Hegde, N. T., George, V. I., & Nayak, C. G. (2019). A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019 (pp. 584-589). [8822119] (Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECA.2019.8822119
Hegde, Navya Thirumaleshwar ; George, V. I. ; Nayak, C. Gurudas. / A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. pp. 584-589 (Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019).
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abstract = "The comparative study and analysis of five different aircrafts namely, Cessna 182 (Class I), Beech 99 (Class II), Cessna T37A (Class II), Boeing 747 200 (Class III), McDonnell Douglas F4 (Class IV) at different flight conditions is presented in this paper. The mathematical model and dynamic characteristics of a generic aircraft is simulated, where some assumptions are made while deriving the models. The aircraft dynamic characteristics are derived as MATLAB functions and simulated. It gives full 6DoF aircraft mathematical modelling using Euler angles, trimming at desired flight conditions and generation of linearized model. Simulation results shows that the stability of longitudinal/lateral directional dynamics depends on the aircraft geometric parameters, inertial characteristics and flight conditions. Greater the value of ωNSP, higher the airspeed, resulting in faster dynamics of short period mode. As the altitude decreases, magnitude of ωNSP also decreases with increase in air density. The aircraft of lower size and weight associated with smaller value of Iyy leads to greater value of ωNSP. At low subsonic flight conditions (high values of CL1, low values for CDu) the value of ζPH is less as compared to the aircraft at higher subsonic conditions (lower values of CL1, higher values for CDu).",
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Hegde, NT, George, VI & Nayak, CG 2019, A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes. in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019., 8822119, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 584-589, 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019, Coimbatore, India, 12-06-19. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECA.2019.8822119

A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes. / Hegde, Navya Thirumaleshwar; George, V. I.; Nayak, C. Gurudas.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. p. 584-589 8822119 (Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Hegde NT, George VI, Nayak CG. A Comparative Analysis of Longitudinal and Lateral Directional Dynamics of Aircraft from Different Classes. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. p. 584-589. 8822119. (Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Electronics and Communication and Aerospace Technology, ICECA 2019). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICECA.2019.8822119