A comparative study of morphology, reactivity and stability of synthesized silver nanoparticles using Bacillus subtilis and Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don

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Abstract

Large number of papers has been published recently on the eleventh group metallic elements such as Ag, Au and Cu. Our study was focused on biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles, their morphology, reactivity and stability. We were interested to check these properties in two different samples, S1 and S2, respectively. The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was achieved by reacting the samples with 1. mM concentration of silver nitrate, one involves bacteria (S1) and the other involves the plant extract (S2). Spectrophotometric analysis revealed that the particles exhibited two peaks, one at 440. nm (for S1) and the other at 390. nm (for S2). It is well known that longer wavelength corresponds to increase in particle size. Since, S1 has got a longer wavelength; it is not known, whether it forms isolated particles or agglomerates? Morphological characterization has been done by adopting the procedures of Negative staining and Wedge smear preparation methods. This hybrid method may be of interest to study agglomerated particles. Microscopic examination of the smear S1 shows predominantly triangular or hexagonal shaped agglomerated particles which were not observed in S2. Hence further characterization was done using SEM, EDAX and XRD. The S2 particles were in the range of 45-70. nm and were stable for even four months. This study indicated that particle size can be controlled from micrometer to nanometer size by varying biological reductants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-383
Number of pages6
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2011

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Catharanthus
Bacillus
Biosynthesis
Bacilli
Bacillus subtilis
Silver
Nanoparticles
reactivity
Particle size
silver
Particle Size
Silver Nitrate
Wavelength
nanoparticles
Reducing Agents
Plant Extracts
Plant extracts
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Negative Staining
Bacteria

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Large number of papers has been published recently on the eleventh group metallic elements such as Ag, Au and Cu. Our study was focused on biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles, their morphology, reactivity and stability. We were interested to check these properties in two different samples, S1 and S2, respectively. The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was achieved by reacting the samples with 1. mM concentration of silver nitrate, one involves bacteria (S1) and the other involves the plant extract (S2). Spectrophotometric analysis revealed that the particles exhibited two peaks, one at 440. nm (for S1) and the other at 390. nm (for S2). It is well known that longer wavelength corresponds to increase in particle size. Since, S1 has got a longer wavelength; it is not known, whether it forms isolated particles or agglomerates? Morphological characterization has been done by adopting the procedures of Negative staining and Wedge smear preparation methods. This hybrid method may be of interest to study agglomerated particles. Microscopic examination of the smear S1 shows predominantly triangular or hexagonal shaped agglomerated particles which were not observed in S2. Hence further characterization was done using SEM, EDAX and XRD. The S2 particles were in the range of 45-70. nm and were stable for even four months. This study indicated that particle size can be controlled from micrometer to nanometer size by varying biological reductants.",
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