A complicated case of altered sensorium

Kushaal Vikram, K. N. Shivashankara, Joydeep Chakraborty, Shashikiran Umakanth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Tuberculosis and malaria are two common diseases afflicting the population of the Indian subcontinent. Both are associated with fatal neurological complications. Clinically, it may be difficult to differentiate between the two, except for that the focal neurological complications are more common with central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis than with cerebral malaria. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman who presented with a history of fever and altered sensorium of short duration. She was initially treated for falciparum malaria on the basis of positive peripheral smear and normal CT scan of the brain, but later on diagnosed to have CNS tuberculosis on the basis of persistence of symptoms, development of focal neurological symptoms and MRI of the brain showing multiple tuberculomas. She improved significantly with a course of antitubercular treatment (ATT) and systemic corticosteroids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number009841
JournalBMJ Case Reports
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16-08-2013

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Central Nervous System Tuberculosis
Tuberculoma
Cerebral Malaria
Falciparum Malaria
Brain
Malaria
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Tuberculosis
Fever
Population
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Vikram, Kushaal ; Shivashankara, K. N. ; Chakraborty, Joydeep ; Umakanth, Shashikiran. / A complicated case of altered sensorium. In: BMJ Case Reports. 2013.
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A complicated case of altered sensorium. / Vikram, Kushaal; Shivashankara, K. N.; Chakraborty, Joydeep; Umakanth, Shashikiran.

In: BMJ Case Reports, 16.08.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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