A cross-sectional analysis of obesity among a rural population in coastal Southern Karnataka, India

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a disease condition that is highly prevalent in both developed and developing countries. Obesity accounts for 60% of cases of diabetes, 40% cases of hypertension and 20% of coronary heart disease and stroke. Although obesity is a silent killer in the third world countries, there is less focus on the problem, as the nations are still staggering with problems due to infectious and parasitic diseases. So, the current study was undertaken to highlight the problem. Method: A cross-sectional community based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by personal face to face interview using a pre-designed questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overweight category included 21.4% of the subjects. Obesity as per Body Mass Index (BMI) criteria was seen in 6.6% of the individuals but abdominal and truncal obesity was present among 51.7% and 62.1% respectively. Literacy up to secondary education and graduation were identified by the multivariate analysis to be associated with obesity. Conclusion: The prevalence of central obesity was found to be high, and hence, lifestyle changes and improved physical activity needs promotion among the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Rural Population
India
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Abdominal Obesity
Developing Countries
Parasitic Diseases
Social Sciences
Developed Countries
Communicable Diseases
Coronary Disease
Life Style
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Stroke
Interviews
Hypertension
Education
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "A cross-sectional analysis of obesity among a rural population in coastal Southern Karnataka, India",
abstract = "Background: Obesity is a disease condition that is highly prevalent in both developed and developing countries. Obesity accounts for 60{\%} of cases of diabetes, 40{\%} cases of hypertension and 20{\%} of coronary heart disease and stroke. Although obesity is a silent killer in the third world countries, there is less focus on the problem, as the nations are still staggering with problems due to infectious and parasitic diseases. So, the current study was undertaken to highlight the problem. Method: A cross-sectional community based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by personal face to face interview using a pre-designed questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overweight category included 21.4{\%} of the subjects. Obesity as per Body Mass Index (BMI) criteria was seen in 6.6{\%} of the individuals but abdominal and truncal obesity was present among 51.7{\%} and 62.1{\%} respectively. Literacy up to secondary education and graduation were identified by the multivariate analysis to be associated with obesity. Conclusion: The prevalence of central obesity was found to be high, and hence, lifestyle changes and improved physical activity needs promotion among the general population.",
author = "Rao, {Chythra R.} and Kamath, {Veena G.} and Avinash Shetty and Asha Kamath",
year = "2011",
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AU - Rao, Chythra R.

AU - Kamath, Veena G.

AU - Shetty, Avinash

AU - Kamath, Asha

PY - 2011

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N2 - Background: Obesity is a disease condition that is highly prevalent in both developed and developing countries. Obesity accounts for 60% of cases of diabetes, 40% cases of hypertension and 20% of coronary heart disease and stroke. Although obesity is a silent killer in the third world countries, there is less focus on the problem, as the nations are still staggering with problems due to infectious and parasitic diseases. So, the current study was undertaken to highlight the problem. Method: A cross-sectional community based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by personal face to face interview using a pre-designed questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overweight category included 21.4% of the subjects. Obesity as per Body Mass Index (BMI) criteria was seen in 6.6% of the individuals but abdominal and truncal obesity was present among 51.7% and 62.1% respectively. Literacy up to secondary education and graduation were identified by the multivariate analysis to be associated with obesity. Conclusion: The prevalence of central obesity was found to be high, and hence, lifestyle changes and improved physical activity needs promotion among the general population.

AB - Background: Obesity is a disease condition that is highly prevalent in both developed and developing countries. Obesity accounts for 60% of cases of diabetes, 40% cases of hypertension and 20% of coronary heart disease and stroke. Although obesity is a silent killer in the third world countries, there is less focus on the problem, as the nations are still staggering with problems due to infectious and parasitic diseases. So, the current study was undertaken to highlight the problem. Method: A cross-sectional community based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by personal face to face interview using a pre-designed questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overweight category included 21.4% of the subjects. Obesity as per Body Mass Index (BMI) criteria was seen in 6.6% of the individuals but abdominal and truncal obesity was present among 51.7% and 62.1% respectively. Literacy up to secondary education and graduation were identified by the multivariate analysis to be associated with obesity. Conclusion: The prevalence of central obesity was found to be high, and hence, lifestyle changes and improved physical activity needs promotion among the general population.

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