A Cross-sectional, comparative study of insight in schizophrenia and bipolar patients in remission

Arul Saravanan Ramachandran, Rajkumar Ramanathan, Samir Kumar Praharaj, Haridas Kanradi, Podila Satya Venkata Narasimha Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: To study insight correlates in schizophrenia and bipolar mood disorder in remission among out-patients attending the Psychiatry Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital. Settings and Design: In a cross-sectional, naturalistic study, adult patients with schizophrenia and bipolar mood disorder in remission (n = 80; schizophrenia-40, mania-20, bipolar depression-20) were compared on insight measures and clinical correlates. Materials and Methods: Scale to Assess the Unawareness of Mental Disorders (SUMD) was used as the main tool to assess current and past measures of insight. Hogan's Drug Attitude Inventory was used to assess the drug attitude and compliance. Positive and Negative Symptom Scale for Schizophrenia, Young's Mania Rating Scale, and HAMD were used to rate psychopathology. Clinical Global Improvement was used as a screening tool for remission. Statistical Analysis: For comparison of the three clinical groups, analysis of variance and Chi-square test were used. In the post-hoc analysis, the Ryan-Einot-Gabriel-Welsch test was used to find the group difference. Results: About 40% in the schizophrenia group were unaware of their mental illness as against none in the bipolar group. The awareness of mental disorder for the current period, the awareness of the achieved effects of medications, and the awareness of social consequence was better in the bipolar group. The drug attitude (compliant positive attitude) increased as the SUMD item scale decreased or in other words, as the insight improved. Conclusions: Insight, both current and retrospect, showed significant differences between the schizophrenia and bipolar patients. Insight is significantly correlated with the observed compliance and drug attitude of the patient groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'A Cross-sectional, comparative study of insight in schizophrenia and bipolar patients in remission'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this