A modified direct-quadrature axis model for characterization of air-gap mixed eccentricity faults in three-phase induction motor

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Abstract

Advanced signal processing techniques and high-speed analog to digital converters enabled on-line detection of internal faults of induction motor even at inception. Reliable and accurate identification of fault signatures in practical situations is always a challenge due to load oscillations, supply harmonics or the presence of multiple faults. Hence model-based analyses are essential for diagnostic studies of faults in machines. This paper proposes a modified direct and quadrature (d-q) axis based approach for modeling a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor with air-gap mixed eccentricity faults. In the proposed model, air-gap length-and thus magnetizing reactance-are modeled as a rotor position-dependent function, to represent various variable air-gap fault conditions. Stator current spectrum is used as the diagnostic signal for detection of the presence of these faults. This simple approach of modeling is computationally less intensive compared to alternative approaches such as multiple coupled circuit modeling and finite element approach. Characteristic signatures of mixed eccentricity fault obtained by simulation studies were also validated in the motor current spectrum obtained through experimentation on a motor with prefabricated eccentricity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-365
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Review on Modelling and Simulations
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018

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Induction Motor
Eccentricity
Quadrature
Induction motors
Fault
Air
Coupled circuits
Squirrel cage motors
Digital to analog conversion
Stators
Signal processing
Rotors
Model
Diagnostics
Signature
Modeling
Analog-to-digital Converter
Cage
Experimentation
Rotor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Advanced signal processing techniques and high-speed analog to digital converters enabled on-line detection of internal faults of induction motor even at inception. Reliable and accurate identification of fault signatures in practical situations is always a challenge due to load oscillations, supply harmonics or the presence of multiple faults. Hence model-based analyses are essential for diagnostic studies of faults in machines. This paper proposes a modified direct and quadrature (d-q) axis based approach for modeling a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor with air-gap mixed eccentricity faults. In the proposed model, air-gap length-and thus magnetizing reactance-are modeled as a rotor position-dependent function, to represent various variable air-gap fault conditions. Stator current spectrum is used as the diagnostic signal for detection of the presence of these faults. This simple approach of modeling is computationally less intensive compared to alternative approaches such as multiple coupled circuit modeling and finite element approach. Characteristic signatures of mixed eccentricity fault obtained by simulation studies were also validated in the motor current spectrum obtained through experimentation on a motor with prefabricated eccentricity.",
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