A novel sonochemical synthesis of nano-size silicon nitride and titanium carbide

S. Sivasankaran, M. J. Kishor Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nano-size ceramic powders of silicon nitride and titanium carbide have been successfully synthesized by a novel sonochemical method in a greener, faster, facile, and safer way. This simplest method to obtain silicon nitride nanopowder involves reacting silicon dioxide with activated carbon in liquid ammonia for one hour using ultrasound energy at 20 kHz. Titanium carbide nano-powders have been successfully synthesized by reacting titanium dioxide with activated carbon in the ratio 1:3. The product was characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) to know the phase composition, Size distribution analysis by intensity using zeta sizer showed that the samples consisted of particles with an average diameter of 76 nm for Silicon nitride and 127 nm for Titanium carbide respectively. Si3N4 and TiC nanopowders were obtained with the specific surface area of 803.67 m2/g and 731.78 m2/g respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11301-11305
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Titanium carbide
Silicon nitride
Activated carbon
Powders
Phase composition
Specific surface area
X ray powder diffraction
Titanium dioxide
Ammonia
Ultrasonics
Silica
Silicon Dioxide
Scanning electron microscopy
Liquids
titanium carbide
silicon nitride

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Sivasankaran, S. ; Kishor Kumar, M. J. / A novel sonochemical synthesis of nano-size silicon nitride and titanium carbide. In: Ceramics International. 2015 ; Vol. 41, No. 9. pp. 11301-11305.
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A novel sonochemical synthesis of nano-size silicon nitride and titanium carbide. / Sivasankaran, S.; Kishor Kumar, M. J.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 41, No. 9, 01.11.2015, p. 11301-11305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Nano-size ceramic powders of silicon nitride and titanium carbide have been successfully synthesized by a novel sonochemical method in a greener, faster, facile, and safer way. This simplest method to obtain silicon nitride nanopowder involves reacting silicon dioxide with activated carbon in liquid ammonia for one hour using ultrasound energy at 20 kHz. Titanium carbide nano-powders have been successfully synthesized by reacting titanium dioxide with activated carbon in the ratio 1:3. The product was characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) to know the phase composition, Size distribution analysis by intensity using zeta sizer showed that the samples consisted of particles with an average diameter of 76 nm for Silicon nitride and 127 nm for Titanium carbide respectively. Si3N4 and TiC nanopowders were obtained with the specific surface area of 803.67 m2/g and 731.78 m2/g respectively.

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