Introduction: Reducing radiation dose for CT examinations has been accompanied by an increase in image noise. Studies have highlighted the application of a higher matrix size for improving image quality when assessing the lungs. This study aims to evaluate the influence of a low kVp and higher matrix size on radiation dose and image quality for abdominopelvic CT. Methods: This experiment was done on a 32 cm body phantom and scanned using a 128 slice CT scanner. The study utilised various combinations of kVp settings (140, 120, 100, 80 & 70) and matrix sizes (1024, 768 & 512). The image obtained was analysed objectively and subjectively. For objective analysis, we calculated SNR, and CNR. For subjective analysis, two radiologists evaluated the image in a 3-point scoring scale. Results: The study reported an increase in SNR (0.8%) and CNR (46%) at 120 kVp when increasing the matrix size from 512 x 512 to 768 x 768. Similarly, there was an increase of 14.5 % and 56.4 % in CNR and SNR using 1024 matrix size. The DLP was reduced by 4.5%, 50% and 70.6 % using 100, 80 and 70 kVp respectively. However, there was no change in DLP with higher matrix sizes. Conclusion: The study reported a combination of 100 kVp and 768 matrix size resulted in an almost similar (0.9 %) SNR and improved CNR (46.4 %) compared to 120 kVp and 512 matrix size. Qualitative analysis also showed a similar image quality with decreased radiation dose for abdominopelvic CT.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 03-2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes