We have previously demonstrated the vasorelaxant activity of 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivative (NOX-1) through L-type Ca2+ channel blockage. In the present study, we investigated whether the correction of endothelial dysfunction is dependent on the normalization of high blood pressure levels by 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivative (NOX-1) in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA-salt) and NG-nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) hypertensive rats. In DOCA-salt and L-NNA hypertensive rats, the mean systolic blood pressure (MSBB) was 185.3 ± 4.7 and 170.2 ± 4.1 mmHg, whereas after administration of NOX-1 to hypertensive rats, MSBB was 127.8 ± 4.5 and 120.2 ± 5.1 mmHg, respectively. To study the endothelial dysfunction, concentration-response curves of norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (Ach) were constructed in rat aortic rings isolated from normotensive, hypertensive (DOCA and L-NNA) and NOX-1 treated rats. NE-induced contractions and Ach-induced relaxations were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased and increased, respectively in the aorta of NOX-1 treated rats. Vasorelaxant activity of NOX-1 was not abolished by pretreatment of aortic rings with L-NNA, 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3-A] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), indomethacin or glibenclamide. The results suggest that the endothelial dysfunction can be corrected by the L-type Ca2+ channel blocker with endothelium-independent action and that is dependent on the normalization of high blood pressure levels. The antihypertensive and vasorelaxant effects of NOX-1 are mainly endothelial-independent and it can be used to treat hypertension, a state associated with endothelial dysfunction. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.