A Review on Curcumin-Loaded Electrospun Nanofibers and their Application in Modern Medicine

Souradeep Mitra, Tarun Mateti, Seeram Ramakrishna, Anindita Laha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herbal drugs are safe and show significantly fewer side effects than their synthetic counterparts. Curcumin (an active ingredient primarily found in turmeric) shows therapeutic properties, but its commercial use as a medication is unrealized, because of doubts about its potency. The literature reveals that electrospun nanofibers show simplicity, efficiency, cost, and reproducibility compared to other fabricating techniques. Forcespinning is a new technique that minimizes limitations and provides additional advantages to electrospinning. Polymer-based nanofibers—whose advantages lie in stability, solubility, and drug storage—overcome problems related to drug delivery, like instability and hydrophobicity. Curcumin-loaded polymer nanofibers show potency in healing diabetic wounds in vitro and in vivo. The release profiles, cell viability, and proliferation assays substantiate their efficacy in bone tissue repair and drug delivery against lung, breast, colorectal, squamous, glioma, and endometrial cancer cells. This review mainly discusses how polymer nanofibers interact with curcumin and its medical efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3392-3407
Number of pages16
JournalJOM
Volume74
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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