A study of clinical characteristics of mediastinal mass

Akshatha Rao Aroor, S. Rama Prakasha, Shubha Seshadri, S. Teerthanath, Uppoor Raghuraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Mediastinal tumours are uncommon lesions encountered in clinical practice. There has been a significant increase in the incidence of malignant mediastinal tumours over the past four decades. The presentation varies from asymptomatic lesions detected incidentally on imaging to severe life threatening presentations. Aim and Objectives: The study was conducted to assess the clinical characteristics, types, treatment modalities and outcome of mediastinal masses. Materials and Methods: In this two year prospective study, a total of 35 cases with or without symptoms of mediastinal mass, confirmed by Computed Tomography (CT) imaging were included. The results were expressed as percentages or proportions. Results: Maximum numbers of patients (25.71%) were seen in the 3rd decade and majority (94.3%) was symptomatic at presentation. Malignant lesions (68.57%) were more common than benign (31.43%) and lymphoma was the commonest malignant tumour (50%). Mediastinal widening on chest X-ray was seen in 27 cases (77.14%), pleural effusion and lung mass in 5 cases each (14.29%). On CT imaging and sub-classification, anterior mediastinum was the commonest compartment involved (42.86%). Conclusion: Mediastinal masses are usually symptomatic at presentation. Majority of the masses were malignant lesions and the symptoms of mediastinal obstruction was significantly higher in malignant lesions and anterior mediastinal masses. Lymphoma was the most frequent primary mediastinal mass and thymoma constituted the commonest benign anterior mediastinal tumour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-80
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-02-2014

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Tumors
Imaging techniques
Tomography
Lymphoma
Neoplasms
Thymoma
Mediastinum
Pleural Effusion
Thorax
X-Rays
Prospective Studies
X rays
Lung
Clinical Studies
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Aroor, Akshatha Rao ; Rama Prakasha, S. ; Seshadri, Shubha ; Teerthanath, S. ; Raghuraj, Uppoor. / A study of clinical characteristics of mediastinal mass. In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 77-80.
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A study of clinical characteristics of mediastinal mass. / Aroor, Akshatha Rao; Rama Prakasha, S.; Seshadri, Shubha; Teerthanath, S.; Raghuraj, Uppoor.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 03.02.2014, p. 77-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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