A study on profile and risk factors of stroke in young adults (15-45 years) from coastal South India

H. N. Harsha Kumar, Babusha Kalra, Nayna Goyal, S. Jayaram, S. Ganesh Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background : Stroke among young adults (15-45 years) is an important problem worldwide. Most of the studies done in India are on ischemic stroke among young adults. There is paucity of information on all subtypes of strokes among young adults in India. So, this study was undertaken. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, record-based study. Cases of stroke identified from hospital records starting form January 1998 to June 2008 were considered for the study. There were 109 cases between 15 and 45 years, the information about which were recorded in a pre-tested semi-structured proforma. Analysis: The data were analyzed using SPSS version 12. Chi-square was used. " P" value of <0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: Ischemic stroke was the most common (56%), followed by hemorrhagic (22.9%) and embolic (22.1%). Age (>31 years), males, smoking, and hypertension were found to have significant association. Role of diabetes and homocysteine requires further investigation. The numbers were not adequate to test association with lipid profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-28
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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