A study on the increasing risks(Trauma) related to an ambulance for a paramedic and patient-A review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-hospital emergency care. The objective of this review is to study how the ambulance’s transport time can be reduced. It aims to address the waiting time of the patient before being given care. To overcome traffic, evolving sensors are being used and how it can be used for emergency vehicles will be studied in this paper. The study shows how wireless accelerometers of IoT wireless sensor system is being used to classify vehicles and monitor traffic volume. The aim is also to compare effective ways of loading, in turn reducing the force experienced by a paramedic. This review outlines tasks where paramedic injuries and ongoing research is carried out to reduce stress undergone by a paramedic. This paper also addresses the compartment design of the ambulance and how paramedic is risking themselves while attending a patient. A database literature search of Scopus was conducted using keywords: “Transport time”, “Traffic”, “Stretcher”, “Musculoskeletal disorder”, “Ambulance design”, “Paramedic safety”, “Ergonomics”, “Lumbar”, “Compartment space”, “Injuries”, “patient”.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberIJMPERDOCT201970
Pages (from-to)791-802
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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