A study on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in coastal Karnataka

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Abstract

Aim: To estimate the prevalence and study the socio-demographic correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults aged 30 years and above. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out in the field practice area of a medical college. Methods and Materials: The study was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage, stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by a personal, face-to-face interview followed by blood sugar estimation using a glucometer. Statistical Analysis: Was performed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 16%. Self-reported diabetes was 11.2%, while 4.8% of previously normal people were found to have high fasting capillary blood glucose levels. Increasing age showed two-fold, four-fold, and six-fold higher odds for 40 - 49, 50 - 59, and 60 years age group, respectively, as compared to the 30 - 39 year age group (P < 0.001). Nineteen percent of the males had diabetes, (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.01 - 1.88). In the high socioeconomic strata, 32% of the subjects had diabetes (P = 0.018 unadjusted odds ratio 3.29, 95% CI = 1.40 - 7.74). Conclusion: The high prevalence of diabetes in this coastal population needs further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-85
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2010

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Blood Glucose
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Social Sciences
Fasting
Odds Ratio
Demography
Interviews
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

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title = "A study on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in coastal Karnataka",
abstract = "Aim: To estimate the prevalence and study the socio-demographic correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults aged 30 years and above. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out in the field practice area of a medical college. Methods and Materials: The study was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage, stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by a personal, face-to-face interview followed by blood sugar estimation using a glucometer. Statistical Analysis: Was performed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 16{\%}. Self-reported diabetes was 11.2{\%}, while 4.8{\%} of previously normal people were found to have high fasting capillary blood glucose levels. Increasing age showed two-fold, four-fold, and six-fold higher odds for 40 - 49, 50 - 59, and 60 years age group, respectively, as compared to the 30 - 39 year age group (P < 0.001). Nineteen percent of the males had diabetes, (OR = 1.38, 95{\%} CI = 1.01 - 1.88). In the high socioeconomic strata, 32{\%} of the subjects had diabetes (P = 0.018 unadjusted odds ratio 3.29, 95{\%} CI = 1.40 - 7.74). Conclusion: The high prevalence of diabetes in this coastal population needs further evaluation.",
author = "Rao, {Chythra R.} and Kamath, {Veena G.} and Avinash Shetty and Asha Kamath",
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AU - Rao, Chythra R.

AU - Kamath, Veena G.

AU - Shetty, Avinash

AU - Kamath, Asha

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N2 - Aim: To estimate the prevalence and study the socio-demographic correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults aged 30 years and above. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out in the field practice area of a medical college. Methods and Materials: The study was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage, stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by a personal, face-to-face interview followed by blood sugar estimation using a glucometer. Statistical Analysis: Was performed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 16%. Self-reported diabetes was 11.2%, while 4.8% of previously normal people were found to have high fasting capillary blood glucose levels. Increasing age showed two-fold, four-fold, and six-fold higher odds for 40 - 49, 50 - 59, and 60 years age group, respectively, as compared to the 30 - 39 year age group (P < 0.001). Nineteen percent of the males had diabetes, (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.01 - 1.88). In the high socioeconomic strata, 32% of the subjects had diabetes (P = 0.018 unadjusted odds ratio 3.29, 95% CI = 1.40 - 7.74). Conclusion: The high prevalence of diabetes in this coastal population needs further evaluation.

AB - Aim: To estimate the prevalence and study the socio-demographic correlates of type 2 diabetes among adults aged 30 years and above. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional community-based survey, among individuals of either sex, aged 30 years and above was carried out in the field practice area of a medical college. Methods and Materials: The study was carried out on 1,239 respondents, using a two-stage, stratified, random sampling technique. Data was collected by a personal, face-to-face interview followed by blood sugar estimation using a glucometer. Statistical Analysis: Was performed by using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 11.5. Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes was 16%. Self-reported diabetes was 11.2%, while 4.8% of previously normal people were found to have high fasting capillary blood glucose levels. Increasing age showed two-fold, four-fold, and six-fold higher odds for 40 - 49, 50 - 59, and 60 years age group, respectively, as compared to the 30 - 39 year age group (P < 0.001). Nineteen percent of the males had diabetes, (OR = 1.38, 95% CI = 1.01 - 1.88). In the high socioeconomic strata, 32% of the subjects had diabetes (P = 0.018 unadjusted odds ratio 3.29, 95% CI = 1.40 - 7.74). Conclusion: The high prevalence of diabetes in this coastal population needs further evaluation.

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