Active-defective activated carbon/MoS2 composites for supercapacitor and hydrogen evolution reactions

D. N. Sangeetha, M. Selvakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-cost, earth-abundant, clean and high stability material are of undivided interest for energy storage and conversion. The present work involves the investigation of one such material, activated carbon (AC), that is derived from abundantly available biomass – Tendu leaves. The work also addresses hydrothermal synthesis of 2-D MoS2 layers and composites with AC, for supercapacitors and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). AC derived from Tendu leaves showed micro and mesopore structure with high specific surface area (SSA) of 1509 m2 g−1. Layered MoS2 nanosheets sheets, showed a biphasic system namely, 1-T and 2-H. Different ratios of AC and MoS2 nanocomposites are prepared. And the best ratio composites tested for symmetric and hybrid supercapacitor electrodes and HER. Symmetric supercapacitor and hybrid supercapacitors exhibited good cycle stability and show higher specific capacitance of 261 F g−1 and 193 F g−1 respectively, at a scan rate of 2 mV s−1. Defective sites were created on AC for electrochemical HER. The defects were created through, hydrothermal N doping followed by high-temperature dedoping of the N-doped AC. The defective activated carbon (DAC) showed a reduction in SSA of 1300 m2 g−1. The nanocomposites of DAC/MoS2 were then tested for HER. The nanocomposites exhibited enhanced catalytic activity owing to better hydrogen evolution with lesser Tafel slope of −84 mVdec−1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-140
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume453
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30-09-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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