Acute tension hydrothorax in chronic liver disease secondary to spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture

Kevin Joseph Tharappel, Nandakrishna Bolanthakodi, Sudha Vidyasagar, Muralidhar Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Pleural effusion in liver cirrhotics is more commonly transudative. A transudative pleural effusion secondary to ascites in decompensated cirrhosis is also known as hepatic hydrothorax and is usually due to fluid seepage through congenital pores in the diaphragm. The patient, a known case of decompensated chronic liver disease, presented with a massive, left-sided, rapidly accumulating and transudative pleural effusion secondary to spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture. Clinically, he developed sudden onset shortness of breath and became hypotensive. This is a rare entity, and was confirmed on CT thorax revealing a focal segment defect ~1.6 cm over the left hemidiaphragm. Ascites treatment consisting of diuretics with salt restriction and repeated thoracentesis with albumin replacement improved his symptoms and lead to a complete resolution of the effusion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Case Reports
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-11-2019

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Hydrothorax
Spontaneous Rupture
Pleural Effusion
Liver Diseases
Chronic Disease
Ascites
Liver
Diaphragm
Diuretics
Dyspnea
Albumins
Fibrosis
Thorax
Salts
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Pleural effusion in liver cirrhotics is more commonly transudative. A transudative pleural effusion secondary to ascites in decompensated cirrhosis is also known as hepatic hydrothorax and is usually due to fluid seepage through congenital pores in the diaphragm. The patient, a known case of decompensated chronic liver disease, presented with a massive, left-sided, rapidly accumulating and transudative pleural effusion secondary to spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture. Clinically, he developed sudden onset shortness of breath and became hypotensive. This is a rare entity, and was confirmed on CT thorax revealing a focal segment defect ~1.6 cm over the left hemidiaphragm. Ascites treatment consisting of diuretics with salt restriction and repeated thoracentesis with albumin replacement improved his symptoms and lead to a complete resolution of the effusion.",
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Acute tension hydrothorax in chronic liver disease secondary to spontaneous diaphragmatic rupture. / Tharappel, Kevin Joseph; Bolanthakodi, Nandakrishna; Vidyasagar, Sudha; Varma, Muralidhar.

In: BMJ Case Reports, Vol. 12, No. 11, 02.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Tharappel, Kevin Joseph

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