Aeroallergen patch testing in patients of suspected contact dermatitis

Nelee Bisen, Shrutakirthi D. Shenoi, C. Balachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Aeroallergens are airborne substances present in the environment with the potential to trigger an allergic reaction in the respiratory tract, mucosae, or skin of susceptible individuals. The relevance of aeroallergens in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis has been reported by many investigators. However, very few studies have been conducted to investigate their role in the production of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Aims: To determine the prevalence of aeroallergen patch test positivity in patients of suspected ACD and to study the clinical characteristics of patients testing positive with aeroallergens. Materials and Methods: Patients presenting to our department with suspected contact allergy and undergoing patch testing with Indian Standard Series (ISS) between January 2010 and June 2011 were studied. After a detailed history and clinical examination, patients were patch tested with ISS and aeroallergen series. Based on the history and clinical suspicion, patients were additionally patch tested with 15% Parthenium. Prior tape stripping was done in some patients. Results: Out of total 114 patients, 26 (22.8%) showed sensitivity to aeroallergen series. Parthenium was the commonest aeroallergen being positive in all 26 patients followed by Xanthium in two. None reacted to other allergens. Although positivity was more in patients with prior tape stripping, the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Most common aeroallergen found to be positive in our study was Parthenium hysterophorus. In view of low positivity to other allergens, routine aeroallergen patch testing in patients with suspected contact dermatitis may not be necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-256
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Dermatology
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014

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Contact Dermatitis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Allergens
Hypersensitivity
Xanthium
History
Respiratory Mucosa
Patch Tests
Atopic Dermatitis
Respiratory System
Research Personnel
Skin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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title = "Aeroallergen patch testing in patients of suspected contact dermatitis",
abstract = "Background: Aeroallergens are airborne substances present in the environment with the potential to trigger an allergic reaction in the respiratory tract, mucosae, or skin of susceptible individuals. The relevance of aeroallergens in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis has been reported by many investigators. However, very few studies have been conducted to investigate their role in the production of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Aims: To determine the prevalence of aeroallergen patch test positivity in patients of suspected ACD and to study the clinical characteristics of patients testing positive with aeroallergens. Materials and Methods: Patients presenting to our department with suspected contact allergy and undergoing patch testing with Indian Standard Series (ISS) between January 2010 and June 2011 were studied. After a detailed history and clinical examination, patients were patch tested with ISS and aeroallergen series. Based on the history and clinical suspicion, patients were additionally patch tested with 15{\%} Parthenium. Prior tape stripping was done in some patients. Results: Out of total 114 patients, 26 (22.8{\%}) showed sensitivity to aeroallergen series. Parthenium was the commonest aeroallergen being positive in all 26 patients followed by Xanthium in two. None reacted to other allergens. Although positivity was more in patients with prior tape stripping, the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Most common aeroallergen found to be positive in our study was Parthenium hysterophorus. In view of low positivity to other allergens, routine aeroallergen patch testing in patients with suspected contact dermatitis may not be necessary.",
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Aeroallergen patch testing in patients of suspected contact dermatitis. / Bisen, Nelee; Shenoi, Shrutakirthi D.; Balachandran, C.

In: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 59, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 252-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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