MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs that regulate numerous signaling pathways involved in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury. Recent finding demonstrated that miR-497 promotes ischemic neuronal death by negatively regulating anti-apoptotic proteins and therefore serves as a promising therapeutic target for cerebral ischemic injury. In this study, we present a systematic computational approach that includes 3D modeling, docking-based virtual screening, and molecular dynamics simulation to identify small-molecule inhibitors of pre-miR-497 maturation. The top hit, aminoglycosidic antibiotic, amikacin, formed a stable complex with pre-miR-497. Later, the protective efficacy of amikacin was evaluated against oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and reoxygenation-induced neuronal cell death in SH-SY5Y cells and mouse organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. To confirm the inhibitory potential of amikacin on miR-497 maturation, quantitative real-time PCR was performed to check the expression of bcl-2, one of the primary anti-apoptotic targets of miR-497. Additionally, the expression level of mature miR-497 was quantified using TaqMan® MiRNA Assay Kit. Amikacin treatment effectively reduced OGD-induced cell death compared to control groups both in vitro and organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. Further, amikacin effectively increased the expression of bcl-2 in SH-SY5Y cells subjected to OGD. Interestingly, SH-SY5Y cells treated with amikacin displayed decreased expression of miR-497, probably due to inhibition of pre-miRic form. Our study provides strong evidence that amikacin inhibits miR-497 maturation and promotes ischemic neuronal survival by upregulating anti-apoptotic protein, bcl-2. Future studies directed at evaluating the neuroprotective efficacy and mechanism of amikacin animal models may lead to new therapeutic opportunities for preventing neuronal death after stroke.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience