An adaptive voltage-sensor-based maximum power point tracking algorithm employing a variable scaling factor for a single-ended primary-inductance converter is presented. In this method, only a voltage divider circuit is used to sense the photovoltaic (PV) panel voltage. This method can effectively improve both transient and steady-state performance by varying the scaling factor as compared with the fixed step size and adaptive step size with fixed scaling factor. For sudden change in solar insolation or in start-up, this method leads to faster tracking, whereas in steady state, it leads to lower oscillations around maximum power point. The steady-state behavior and drift phenomena are also addressed in this paper to determine the tracking efficiency. The duty cycle is generated directly without using any proportional-integral control loop to simplify the control circuit. MATLAB/Simulink is used for simulation studies, and a microcontroller is used as a digital platform to implement the proposed algorithm for experimental validation. The proposed system is implemented and tested successfully on a PV panel in the laboratory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering