Urea Water Solution (UWS) is injected to generate NH3 in Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system of modern automobiles. Thermal and fluid dynamic conditions such as temperature and Reynolds number of the flow favors ammonia generation in terms of heat transfer to UWS droplets by forced convection. During extremely cold weather conditions and low exhaust temperatures, the overdosing of UWS results in deposits of urea and its byproducts. As deposit depletion changes the stoichiometry of NOx/NH3, any predictive method becomes complementary to experimental studies on deposit formation. In the present work, we experimentally investigated deposit formation and its rate by a newer concept of usage of Stainless Steel (SS) foils considering temperature and flow rate as variables. According to numerical results, the droplet evaporation of UWS decreases as flow rate increases. For a fixed rate of UWS quantity of deposits decrease with increase in temperature and flow rate. Accordingly, structural changes are observed. Numerical values of time dependent deposit formation found slightly superior to the experimental values. The study revealed that deposit areas at low temperatures are comparable to numerical values. Phenomenological model is proposed to find deposit conversion factor for low temperatures (150–250°C), which helps in tuning of UWS dosage strategy to prevent NH3 slip.
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 25-01-2017|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering