An insight into microscopy and analytical techniques for morphological, structural, chemical, and thermal characterization of cellulose

Ishita Chakraborty, Sintu Rongpipi, Indira Govindaraju, B. Rakesh, Sib Sankar Mal, Esther W. Gomez, Enrique D. Gomez, Ranjan Dutta Kalita, Yuthika Nath, Nirmal Mazumder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulose obtained from plants is a bio-polysaccharide and the most abundant organic polymer on earth that has immense household and industrial applications. Hence, the characterization of cellulose is important for determining its appropriate applications. In this article, we review the characterization of cellulose morphology, surface topography using microscopic techniques including optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Other physicochemical characteristics like crystallinity, chemical composition, and thermal properties are studied using techniques including X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis. This review may contribute to the development of using cellulose as a low-cost raw material with anticipated physicochemical properties. Highlights: Morphology and surface topography of cellulose structure is characterized using microscopy techniques including optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Analytical techniques used for physicochemical characterization of cellulose include X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetric analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1990-2015
Number of pages26
JournalMicroscopy Research and Technique
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Instrumentation
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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