An unorthodox innervation of the gluteus maximus muscle and other associated variations: A case report

Suhani Sumalatha, Antony Sylvan D Souza, Jitendra Singh Yadav, Sachendra Kumar Mittal, Amoldeep Singh, Sushma R. Kotian

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Knowledge of peripheral nerve morphology, location, and variation is important for facilitating appropriate diagnosis and intervention. We present a unique case of absence of the inferior gluteal nerve and high division of the sciatic nerve. In this instance, the common peroneal nerve was found piercing the piriformis muscle and emerging distally in the form of two trunks: thin medial and thick lateral. The medial trunk presented an interesting course, supplying the gluteus maximus muscle before joining the lateral trunk to form the common peroneal nerve. Additionally, the arteria nervi ischiadisci was also observed accompanying and supplying the tibial nerve passing inferior to the piriformis. These variations are important for clinicians and surgeons for some radiological diagnoses and surgical procedures in the lower limb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-422
Number of pages4
JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2014


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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