An unusual case of abdominal aneurysm: Inferior vena cava aneurysm — A case report

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Venous aneurysms are rarely reported in the literature since they are usually asymptomatic and incidentally detected due to complications such as thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Often an inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysm is detected by imaging studies performed for other causes. We report a case of large Type II IVC aneurysm associated with severe pectus excavatum in an asymptomatic man detected on routine 2D echocardiography. Focal narrowing of the IVC at the level of xiphisternum detected in multi-slice computed tomography might be the possible etiology for IVC aneurysm. <Learning objective: Even though inferior vena cava aneurysms are rare, they can easily be diagnosed non-invasively by 2D echocardiography, ultrasound, and multi-slice computed tomography. The proximal obstruction of inferior vena cava by the xiphisternum as a complication of a severe form of pectus excavatum resulting in inferior vena cava aneurysm is probably a rare and possibly the only reported case in the literature.>

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiology Cases
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2019

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Inferior Vena Cava
Aneurysm
Funnel Chest
Pulmonary Embolism
Echocardiography
Thrombosis
Tomography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{1d8f22f3b0ac49508facf06db6669fce,
title = "An unusual case of abdominal aneurysm: Inferior vena cava aneurysm — A case report",
abstract = "Venous aneurysms are rarely reported in the literature since they are usually asymptomatic and incidentally detected due to complications such as thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Often an inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysm is detected by imaging studies performed for other causes. We report a case of large Type II IVC aneurysm associated with severe pectus excavatum in an asymptomatic man detected on routine 2D echocardiography. Focal narrowing of the IVC at the level of xiphisternum detected in multi-slice computed tomography might be the possible etiology for IVC aneurysm. <Learning objective: Even though inferior vena cava aneurysms are rare, they can easily be diagnosed non-invasively by 2D echocardiography, ultrasound, and multi-slice computed tomography. The proximal obstruction of inferior vena cava by the xiphisternum as a complication of a severe form of pectus excavatum resulting in inferior vena cava aneurysm is probably a rare and possibly the only reported case in the literature.>",
author = "Ashwal Jayaram and Padmakumar Ramachandra and Krishnananda Nayak and Umesh Pai",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jccase.2018.08.011",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - An unusual case of abdominal aneurysm

T2 - Inferior vena cava aneurysm — A case report

AU - Jayaram, Ashwal

AU - Ramachandra, Padmakumar

AU - Nayak, Krishnananda

AU - Pai, Umesh

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Venous aneurysms are rarely reported in the literature since they are usually asymptomatic and incidentally detected due to complications such as thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Often an inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysm is detected by imaging studies performed for other causes. We report a case of large Type II IVC aneurysm associated with severe pectus excavatum in an asymptomatic man detected on routine 2D echocardiography. Focal narrowing of the IVC at the level of xiphisternum detected in multi-slice computed tomography might be the possible etiology for IVC aneurysm. <Learning objective: Even though inferior vena cava aneurysms are rare, they can easily be diagnosed non-invasively by 2D echocardiography, ultrasound, and multi-slice computed tomography. The proximal obstruction of inferior vena cava by the xiphisternum as a complication of a severe form of pectus excavatum resulting in inferior vena cava aneurysm is probably a rare and possibly the only reported case in the literature.>

AB - Venous aneurysms are rarely reported in the literature since they are usually asymptomatic and incidentally detected due to complications such as thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Often an inferior vena cava (IVC) aneurysm is detected by imaging studies performed for other causes. We report a case of large Type II IVC aneurysm associated with severe pectus excavatum in an asymptomatic man detected on routine 2D echocardiography. Focal narrowing of the IVC at the level of xiphisternum detected in multi-slice computed tomography might be the possible etiology for IVC aneurysm. <Learning objective: Even though inferior vena cava aneurysms are rare, they can easily be diagnosed non-invasively by 2D echocardiography, ultrasound, and multi-slice computed tomography. The proximal obstruction of inferior vena cava by the xiphisternum as a complication of a severe form of pectus excavatum resulting in inferior vena cava aneurysm is probably a rare and possibly the only reported case in the literature.>

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