An update on the global programme for vaccines and immunization

P. Deepti, A. Shirwaikar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Since 1986, the immunization programmes throughout the world have changed their focus to the control or elimination of major childhood diseases, and new vaccines have become available, while yet others are being developed. Challenges included the reduction of measles incidence and elimination of neonatal tetanus by 1995, global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000, and the achievement of 90% immunization coverage for all vaccines by the year 2000. These challenges were reinforced in the declaration on the survival, protection, and development of children, which was endorsed at the world summit for children held at United Nations in September 1990 (World Summit Child 1990). Immunization programmes in different countries now present a broad spectrum of progress. Some countries, particularly the poorest and those affected by war or civil disturbance, continue to have low immunization coverage, while others are close to eliminating certain of the target diseases. This article provides a review of present immunization policies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIndian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume66
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Immunization Programs
Immunization
Vaccines
United Nations
Tetanus
Measles
Poliomyelitis
Child Development
Incidence

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Deepti, P. ; Shirwaikar, A. / An update on the global programme for vaccines and immunization. In: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2004 ; Vol. 66, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
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note = "Export Date: 10 November 2017 CODEN: IJSID Correspondence Address: Deepti, P.; Department of Pharmaceutics, SBMNIPSR, Asthal Bohar, Rohtak, Haryana-124001, India; email: deeptipandita@yahoo.co.uk References: (1992) Bull. WHO, pp. 70-17. , World Health Organization; Stowman, K., Epidemiol. Inform. Bull. (United Nations Refugee and Relief Agency, Health Division), 1945, 1, 157; Cherry, J.D., (1992) Vaccine, 10, p. 1033; Edwards, K.M., (1993) J. Infect. Dis, pp. 168-215; Galazka, A., WHO Documents WHO/EPI/GEN/93.12-93.19, 1993, Module 4; Expanded Programme on Immunization, EPI update, 1992; Hall, A.J., (1994) Rev. Med. Microbiol, 5, p. 123; Fine, P.E.M., Rodriques, L.C., (1990) Lancet, 335, p. 1016; Milstein, J.B., Gibson, J.J., (1990) Bull. WHO, 68, p. 93; Rodrigues, L.C., Diwn, V.D., Wheeler, J.G., (1993) Int. J. Epidemiol, 22, p. 1154; Fine, P.E.M., Rev. Infect. Dis., supplement 2, S 353, 1989, 11; Galazka, A.M., Robertson, S.E., Oblapenko, G.P., (1995) Eur. J. Epidemiol, 11, p. 95; Galazka, A.M., Robertson, S.E., (1995) Eur. J. Epidemiol, 11, p. 107; Jones, E.E., Kim-Farley, R.J., Algunaid, M., (1985) Bull. WHO, 63, p. 287; Galazka, A., WHO Documents WHO/EPI/GEN/93.12-93.19, 1993, Module 3; Fine, P.E.M., Clarkson, J.A., (1987) Rev. Infect. Dis, 9, p. 866; Galazka, A., (1992) Wrld. Hlth. Statist. Quart, 45, p. 238; Supplementary ACIP statement (1992) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 41 (RR), p. 1. , ACIP Immunization Practices Advisory Committee; Robertson, S., WHO Documents WHO/EPI/GEN/93.12-93.19, 1993, Module 6; Muller, A.S., Leeuwenburg, J., Voorhoeve, A.M., (1984) Bull. WHO, 62, p. 899; Swartz, T.A., Roumianzeff, M., Peyron, L., (1986) Develop. Biol. Stand, 65, p. 159; Rumke, H.C., Schlumberger, M., Floury, B., (1993) Vaccine, 11, p. 1113; Diaz-Ortega, J.L., Forsey, T., Clements, C.J., Milstein, J., (1994) Biologicals, 22, p. 35; Robertson, S., WHO Documents WHO/EPI/GEN/93.12 - 93.19, 1993, Module 8; Expanded Programme on Immunization, Part II (1991) Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec, 66, p. 9; Embree, J.E., Datta, P., Stackiw, W., (1992) J. Infect. Dis, 165, p. 262; Kaplan, L.J., Daum, R.S., Smaron, M., McCarthy, C.A., (1992) J. Amer. Med. Assoc, 267, p. 1237; Krasinski, K., Borkovsky, W., (1989) J. Amer. Med. Assoc, 261, p. 2512; Nunn, P., (1991) Africa Health, , November 10; Nunn, P., Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1990, Suppl. 1:9, 88; Schulzer, M., Fitzgerald, J.M., Enarson, D.A., Grzybowski, S., (1992) Tubercle Lung. Dis, 73, p. 52; Clements, C.J., Von Reyn, C.F., Mann, J.M., (1987) Bull. WHO, 65, p. 905; Lepage, P., Dabis, F., Msellati, P., (1992) Amer. J. Dis. Child, 146, p. 550; McLaughlin, M., Thomas, P., Onorato, I., (1988) Pediatrics, 82, p. 229; Onorato, I.M., Markowitz, L.E., Oxtoby, M.J., (1988) Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J, 6, p. 588; Ryder, R.W., Oxtoby, M.J., Mvula, M., (1993) J. Pediatr, 122, p. 697; Onorato, I.M., Markowitz, L.E., (1992) AIDS and other manifestations of HIV infections, p. 671. , 2nd Edn, Raven Press, New York; Blanche, S., Le Deist, F., Fischer, A., (1986) J. Pediatr, 109, p. 965; (1985) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 34, p. 227. , Center for Disease Control CDC; Houde, C., Dery, P., (1988) Pediatr. Infec. Dis. J, 7, p. 810; TenDam, H.G., EPI Document EPI/ RD, 90. , WP, 1990; Ninane, J., Grymonprez, A., Burtonboy, G., (1988) Arch. Dis. Child, 63, p. 1268; Vilmer, E., Fischer, A., Griscelli, C., (1984) Lancet, 2, p. 229; Lallemant-LeCoeur, S., Lallemant, M., Cheynier, D., (1991) AIDS, 5, p. 195; Reynes, J., Perez, C., Lamaury, I., (1989) J. Infect. Dis, 160, p. 727; (1994) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 43 (RR), p. 1. , ACIP Immunization Practices Advisory Committee; Borkovsky, W., Rigaud, M., Krasinski, K., (1992) J. Pediatr, 120, p. 371; Cutts, F.T., Mandala, K., St. Louis, M., (1993) J. Infect. Dis, 167, p. 1418; Oxtoby, M.S., Mvula, M., Ryder, R., (1988) Twenty-eighth Inter Science Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, , Los Angeles, October 23; Expanded Programme on Immunization (1987) Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec, 62, p. 5; Expanded Programme on Immunization (1987) Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec, 62, p. 53; (1992) Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec, 67, p. 129. , Center for Disease Control CDC; Special Programme on AIDS and Expanded Programme on Immunization, Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec., 1987, 40, 297; (1989) Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec, 64, p. 48. , Global Programme on AIDS and Expanded Programme on Immunization; Expanded Programme on Immunization, WHO Document WHO/EPI/TRAM/93.2,1993; Nossal, G.J.V., (1984) Bellagio Conference, p. 105",
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An update on the global programme for vaccines and immunization. / Deepti, P.; Shirwaikar, A.

In: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vol. 66, No. 1, 2004, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An update on the global programme for vaccines and immunization

AU - Deepti, P.

AU - Shirwaikar, A.

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PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Since 1986, the immunization programmes throughout the world have changed their focus to the control or elimination of major childhood diseases, and new vaccines have become available, while yet others are being developed. Challenges included the reduction of measles incidence and elimination of neonatal tetanus by 1995, global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000, and the achievement of 90% immunization coverage for all vaccines by the year 2000. These challenges were reinforced in the declaration on the survival, protection, and development of children, which was endorsed at the world summit for children held at United Nations in September 1990 (World Summit Child 1990). Immunization programmes in different countries now present a broad spectrum of progress. Some countries, particularly the poorest and those affected by war or civil disturbance, continue to have low immunization coverage, while others are close to eliminating certain of the target diseases. This article provides a review of present immunization policies.

AB - Since 1986, the immunization programmes throughout the world have changed their focus to the control or elimination of major childhood diseases, and new vaccines have become available, while yet others are being developed. Challenges included the reduction of measles incidence and elimination of neonatal tetanus by 1995, global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000, and the achievement of 90% immunization coverage for all vaccines by the year 2000. These challenges were reinforced in the declaration on the survival, protection, and development of children, which was endorsed at the world summit for children held at United Nations in September 1990 (World Summit Child 1990). Immunization programmes in different countries now present a broad spectrum of progress. Some countries, particularly the poorest and those affected by war or civil disturbance, continue to have low immunization coverage, while others are close to eliminating certain of the target diseases. This article provides a review of present immunization policies.

M3 - Article

VL - 66

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

JF - Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences

SN - 0250-474X

IS - 1

ER -