Anaesthetic management of a case of down’s syndrome with Achalasia cardia

Neeta Santha, Madhusudan Upadya, Sravanthi Vishwanatham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Achalasia cardia is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by dilatation of the oesophagus and collection of food and fluids in the oesophagus leading to massive regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. Down’s syndrome has multisystem effects which can also present as difficult airway. Here, we present a case of a 14-year-old girl, a case of Down’s syndrome with Achalasia cardia and mitral valve prolapse posted for Heller’s cardiomyotomy. Anaesthetic concerns were difficult airway due to Downs’s syndrome, massive aspiration risks of Achalasia cardia and haemodynamic instability due to mitral regurgitation. In spite of proper preparation of the patient there was massive regurgitation of oesophageal contents during intubation which was managed successfully. Haemodynamic changes due to mitral valve prolapse also had to taken care of during the intraoperative period. Postoperative period was uneventful and the child was discharged after one week.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)UD03-UD05
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2016

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Cardia
Esophageal Achalasia
Case Management
Hemodynamics
Down Syndrome
Anesthetics
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Esophagus
Intraoperative Period
Gastrointestinal Contents
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Postoperative Period
Intubation
Fluids
Gastrointestinal Tract
Dilatation
Food

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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Anaesthetic management of a case of down’s syndrome with Achalasia cardia. / Santha, Neeta; Upadya, Madhusudan; Vishwanatham, Sravanthi.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 10, No. 10, 01.10.2016, p. UD03-UD05.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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