Analysis of postural stability in children with cerebral palsy and children with typical development: An observational study

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyze and compare postural stability during static upright standing between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and age-matched peers with typical development (TD). Methods: Forty-five children with spastic CP (34 with diplegia and 11 with hemiplegia) and 45 children with TD aged 5 to 12 years were assessed using a posturography device. Postural stability was evaluated under 4 sensory conditions: eyes open and eyes closed on a firm surface; eyes open and eyes closed on a foam surface. Results: Statistically significant differences were obtained between children with spastic diplegic CP and children with TD under all conditions involving visual and somatosensory conflicts (P < .05), but no significant differences were found between children with hemiplegic CP and children with TD. Conclusion: Children with spastic diplegic CP have increased postural instability under sensory conditions that involve both visual and somatosensory conflicts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Physical Therapy
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014

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Cerebral Palsy
Observational Studies
Hemiplegia
Equipment and Supplies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

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abstract = "Purpose: To analyze and compare postural stability during static upright standing between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and age-matched peers with typical development (TD). Methods: Forty-five children with spastic CP (34 with diplegia and 11 with hemiplegia) and 45 children with TD aged 5 to 12 years were assessed using a posturography device. Postural stability was evaluated under 4 sensory conditions: eyes open and eyes closed on a firm surface; eyes open and eyes closed on a foam surface. Results: Statistically significant differences were obtained between children with spastic diplegic CP and children with TD under all conditions involving visual and somatosensory conflicts (P < .05), but no significant differences were found between children with hemiplegic CP and children with TD. Conclusion: Children with spastic diplegic CP have increased postural instability under sensory conditions that involve both visual and somatosensory conflicts.",
author = "Shikha Saxena and Rao, {Bhamini K.} and Senthil Kumaran",
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T1 - Analysis of postural stability in children with cerebral palsy and children with typical development

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AU - Saxena, Shikha

AU - Rao, Bhamini K.

AU - Kumaran, Senthil

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N2 - Purpose: To analyze and compare postural stability during static upright standing between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and age-matched peers with typical development (TD). Methods: Forty-five children with spastic CP (34 with diplegia and 11 with hemiplegia) and 45 children with TD aged 5 to 12 years were assessed using a posturography device. Postural stability was evaluated under 4 sensory conditions: eyes open and eyes closed on a firm surface; eyes open and eyes closed on a foam surface. Results: Statistically significant differences were obtained between children with spastic diplegic CP and children with TD under all conditions involving visual and somatosensory conflicts (P < .05), but no significant differences were found between children with hemiplegic CP and children with TD. Conclusion: Children with spastic diplegic CP have increased postural instability under sensory conditions that involve both visual and somatosensory conflicts.

AB - Purpose: To analyze and compare postural stability during static upright standing between children with cerebral palsy (CP) and age-matched peers with typical development (TD). Methods: Forty-five children with spastic CP (34 with diplegia and 11 with hemiplegia) and 45 children with TD aged 5 to 12 years were assessed using a posturography device. Postural stability was evaluated under 4 sensory conditions: eyes open and eyes closed on a firm surface; eyes open and eyes closed on a foam surface. Results: Statistically significant differences were obtained between children with spastic diplegic CP and children with TD under all conditions involving visual and somatosensory conflicts (P < .05), but no significant differences were found between children with hemiplegic CP and children with TD. Conclusion: Children with spastic diplegic CP have increased postural instability under sensory conditions that involve both visual and somatosensory conflicts.

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