Background: Androgen receptors (AR) are expressed in human prostate cells and immunohistochemistry has been used for qualitative analysis of AR expression in prostate tumor cells. Quantitative and multiparametric analysis of receptor expression could be of diagnostic and prognostic value in the management of patients on antiandrogen therapy. Multiparametric flow cytometric methods have been developed for analysis of hormone receptor expression and DNA content in nuclei isolated from formalin-fixed/paraffin-embedded human solid tumors. The present study was undertaken for analysis of AR expression and DNA content in archival human prostate tumors. Methods: AR expression and DNA content were measured in nuclei isolated by enzyme digestion from thick sections cut from 51 paraffin-embedded human prostate tumors. AR expression in different subpopulations was studied by gated analysis. The relationship among AR activity, DNA content, and histopathological grade was analyzed. Results: Distinct aneuploid populations were observed in 23% of tumors examined. AR activity was observed in all the specimens and the percentage of AR- positive nuclei in the 48 samples analyzed was < 10% (n = 4), 11-50% (n = 39), and >51% (n = 5). Tumor subpopulations with aneuploid DNA content had higher AR expression (percent AR-positive cells and mean log fluorescence) than the diploid subpopulations. No strong correlation was seen between AR expression and histopathological grade of the tumors. Conclusions: Flow cytometric analysis of archival prostate tumor can be used for rapid determination of aneuploid DNA content and AR expression in subpopulations of nuclei isolated from formalin-fixed/paraffin-embedded prostate tumor blocks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine