Angiotensin-converting enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism studies in Asian Indian pregnant women biochemically identifies gestational diabetes mellitus

Imran A. Khan, Parveen Jahan, Qurratulain Hasan, Pragna Rao

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of a 287 bp Alu repetitive sequence in intron 16 of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been widely investigated in Asian Indian populations with different ethnic origins. The present study examined possible association between I/D polymorphism of the ACE gene and GDM in Asian Indian pregnant women. Methods: A total of 200 pregnant women (100 GDM and 100 non-GDM) were recruited in this study and I/D polymorphism of a 287 bp Alu1 element inside intron 16 of the ACE gene was examined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based gel electrophoresis. Result: The distribution of the variants like II, ID, and DD genotypes of ACE gene showed differences between normal GDM versus non-GDM subjects, and the frequency of the ID+ DD Vs II genotype was significant (p=0.0002) in the GDM group. Conclusion: ACE gene polymorphism was associated with GDM in Asian Indian pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-571
Number of pages6
JournalJRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17-12-2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology

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