Anomalous branching pattern of the popliteal artery

A case report

Suhani Sumalatha, Vinodhini Periyasamy, Ramachandra Bhatt, Antony Sylvan Dsouza, Mamatha Hosapatna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Popliteal Artery, which is the continuation of the Femoral artery, crosses the popliteal fossa at the distal border of popliteus; it divides into the Anterior and Posterior Tibial arteries. The Posterior Tibial artery divides into terminal branches proximal to popliteus, in which case the Anterior Tibial artery sometimes descends anterior to the muscle. Either the Anterior Tibial or the Posterior tibial artery may be reduced or increased in size. The dorsalis pedis artery is the continuation of the anterior tibial artery, distal to the ankle. It passes to the proximal end of the first intermetatarsal space, to complete the plantar arch, and provides the first plantar metatarsal artery. In the present case the Popliteal Artery bifurcates into 2 terminal branches at a higher level than the normal. The Anterior Tibial artery was hypo plastic and entered the anterior crural region in front of the popliteus muscle and finally terminated above the knee joint. Further the Posterior Tibial artery was also hypo plastic giving off a hyperplastic Peroneal artery which pierced the interosseous membrane and on entering the dorsum of the foot, it prolonged as the dorsalis pedis artery. The rest of the Posterior Tibial artery continued its course distally and divided into its usual branches, the medial and lateral planter arteries. Awareness of these variations in the vascular branching patterns of the lower limb, acts as a guide during femero distal bypass grafting procedures and surgical and percutaneous vascular reconstructions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Tibial Arteries
Popliteal Artery
Muscle
Plastics
Arches
Arteries
Membranes
Vascular Surgical Procedures
Muscles
Metatarsal Bones
Femoral Artery
Knee Joint
Ankle
Blood Vessels
Foot
Lower Extremity
Leg

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Sumalatha, Suhani ; Periyasamy, Vinodhini ; Bhatt, Ramachandra ; Dsouza, Antony Sylvan ; Hosapatna, Mamatha. / Anomalous branching pattern of the popliteal artery : A case report. In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2014 ; Vol. 8, No. 6.
@article{e8703b13999946d184b6f62328aa12a7,
title = "Anomalous branching pattern of the popliteal artery: A case report",
abstract = "The Popliteal Artery, which is the continuation of the Femoral artery, crosses the popliteal fossa at the distal border of popliteus; it divides into the Anterior and Posterior Tibial arteries. The Posterior Tibial artery divides into terminal branches proximal to popliteus, in which case the Anterior Tibial artery sometimes descends anterior to the muscle. Either the Anterior Tibial or the Posterior tibial artery may be reduced or increased in size. The dorsalis pedis artery is the continuation of the anterior tibial artery, distal to the ankle. It passes to the proximal end of the first intermetatarsal space, to complete the plantar arch, and provides the first plantar metatarsal artery. In the present case the Popliteal Artery bifurcates into 2 terminal branches at a higher level than the normal. The Anterior Tibial artery was hypo plastic and entered the anterior crural region in front of the popliteus muscle and finally terminated above the knee joint. Further the Posterior Tibial artery was also hypo plastic giving off a hyperplastic Peroneal artery which pierced the interosseous membrane and on entering the dorsum of the foot, it prolonged as the dorsalis pedis artery. The rest of the Posterior Tibial artery continued its course distally and divided into its usual branches, the medial and lateral planter arteries. Awareness of these variations in the vascular branching patterns of the lower limb, acts as a guide during femero distal bypass grafting procedures and surgical and percutaneous vascular reconstructions.",
author = "Suhani Sumalatha and Vinodhini Periyasamy and Ramachandra Bhatt and Dsouza, {Antony Sylvan} and Mamatha Hosapatna",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.7860/JCDR/2014/6248.4454",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
issn = "2249-782X",
publisher = "Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research",
number = "6",

}

Anomalous branching pattern of the popliteal artery : A case report. / Sumalatha, Suhani; Periyasamy, Vinodhini; Bhatt, Ramachandra; Dsouza, Antony Sylvan; Hosapatna, Mamatha.

In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, Vol. 8, No. 6, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anomalous branching pattern of the popliteal artery

T2 - A case report

AU - Sumalatha, Suhani

AU - Periyasamy, Vinodhini

AU - Bhatt, Ramachandra

AU - Dsouza, Antony Sylvan

AU - Hosapatna, Mamatha

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The Popliteal Artery, which is the continuation of the Femoral artery, crosses the popliteal fossa at the distal border of popliteus; it divides into the Anterior and Posterior Tibial arteries. The Posterior Tibial artery divides into terminal branches proximal to popliteus, in which case the Anterior Tibial artery sometimes descends anterior to the muscle. Either the Anterior Tibial or the Posterior tibial artery may be reduced or increased in size. The dorsalis pedis artery is the continuation of the anterior tibial artery, distal to the ankle. It passes to the proximal end of the first intermetatarsal space, to complete the plantar arch, and provides the first plantar metatarsal artery. In the present case the Popliteal Artery bifurcates into 2 terminal branches at a higher level than the normal. The Anterior Tibial artery was hypo plastic and entered the anterior crural region in front of the popliteus muscle and finally terminated above the knee joint. Further the Posterior Tibial artery was also hypo plastic giving off a hyperplastic Peroneal artery which pierced the interosseous membrane and on entering the dorsum of the foot, it prolonged as the dorsalis pedis artery. The rest of the Posterior Tibial artery continued its course distally and divided into its usual branches, the medial and lateral planter arteries. Awareness of these variations in the vascular branching patterns of the lower limb, acts as a guide during femero distal bypass grafting procedures and surgical and percutaneous vascular reconstructions.

AB - The Popliteal Artery, which is the continuation of the Femoral artery, crosses the popliteal fossa at the distal border of popliteus; it divides into the Anterior and Posterior Tibial arteries. The Posterior Tibial artery divides into terminal branches proximal to popliteus, in which case the Anterior Tibial artery sometimes descends anterior to the muscle. Either the Anterior Tibial or the Posterior tibial artery may be reduced or increased in size. The dorsalis pedis artery is the continuation of the anterior tibial artery, distal to the ankle. It passes to the proximal end of the first intermetatarsal space, to complete the plantar arch, and provides the first plantar metatarsal artery. In the present case the Popliteal Artery bifurcates into 2 terminal branches at a higher level than the normal. The Anterior Tibial artery was hypo plastic and entered the anterior crural region in front of the popliteus muscle and finally terminated above the knee joint. Further the Posterior Tibial artery was also hypo plastic giving off a hyperplastic Peroneal artery which pierced the interosseous membrane and on entering the dorsum of the foot, it prolonged as the dorsalis pedis artery. The rest of the Posterior Tibial artery continued its course distally and divided into its usual branches, the medial and lateral planter arteries. Awareness of these variations in the vascular branching patterns of the lower limb, acts as a guide during femero distal bypass grafting procedures and surgical and percutaneous vascular reconstructions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903388325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903388325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7860/JCDR/2014/6248.4454

DO - 10.7860/JCDR/2014/6248.4454

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

JF - Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research

SN - 2249-782X

IS - 6

ER -