Antibiotic use among health science students in an Indian university

A cross sectional study

Samarth Virmani, Manideep Nandigam, Bahar Kapoor, Purva Makhija, Suma Nair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Antibiotics, one of the frequently prescribed medications in modern medicine is plagued by misuse and consequent development of resistance. We report the knowledge and practice of antibiotic use and the extent of self-medication with antibiotics among health science students of a university in south India. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out that included students from various disciplines such as Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Nursing. A random sample of 531 students, were recruited into the study and those students with a history of any chronic disease requiring long-term treatment were excluded. Results Almost 58% reported using antibiotics in the last 3 months and 39% frequented its use over 3 times in a year. Thirty percent stated that they had procured antibiotics over the counter without a valid prescription. Common ailments that reportedly triggered antibiotic use, ranged from mild fever to skin infections. Medical (25%) & Dental (36%) students declared self-prescription as a frequent practice. β-lactam group was the most popular group of antibiotics, with over 44% vouching its use. Conclusion There appears to be inadequate adherence to antibiotic policies among the study population warranting periodic training and monitoring. Establishment of an effective antibiotic stewardship could be the way forward.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-179
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2017

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Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Health
Prescriptions
Self Medication
Dental Students
Lactams
Modern 1601-history
Dentistry
India
Nursing
Chronic Disease
Fever
Medicine
Skin
Infection
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Virmani, Samarth ; Nandigam, Manideep ; Kapoor, Bahar ; Makhija, Purva ; Nair, Suma. / Antibiotic use among health science students in an Indian university : A cross sectional study. In: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 176-179.
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Antibiotic use among health science students in an Indian university : A cross sectional study. / Virmani, Samarth; Nandigam, Manideep; Kapoor, Bahar; Makhija, Purva; Nair, Suma.

In: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, Vol. 5, No. 4, 01.12.2017, p. 176-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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