Antimicrobial peptide polymers: no escape to ESKAPE pathogens—a review

Songhita Mukhopadhyay, A. S. Bharath Prasad, Chetan H. Mehta, Usha Y. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the significant clinical challenges and also an emerging area of concern arising from nosocomial infections of ESKAPE pathogens, which has been on the rise in both the developed and developing countries alike. These pathogens/superbugs can undergo rapid mutagenesis, which helps them to generate resistance against antimicrobials in addition to the patient’s non-adherence to the antibiotic regimen. Sticking to the idea of a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach has led to the inappropriate administration of antibiotics resulting in augmentation of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are the natural host defense peptides that have gained attention in the field of AMR, and recently, synthetic AMPs are well studied to overcome the drawbacks of natural counterparts. This review deals with the novel techniques utilizing the bacteriolytic activity of natural AMPs. The effective localization of these peptides onto the negatively charged bacterial surface by using nanocarriers and structurally nanoengineered antimicrobial peptide polymers (SNAPPs) owing to its smaller size and better antimicrobial activity is also described here. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number131
JournalWorld Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Physiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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