Applicability of paediatric index of mortality 2 score to predict outcome in children admitted to paediatric intensive care unit

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Abstract

Introduction: Research on critically ill children admitted to the intensive care unit has shown the usefulness of Paediatric Index of Mortality 2 (PIM2) score at admission to predict outcome. This study was conducted to estimate PIM2 score in children admitted to Paediatric Intensive Care Unit and its correlation with clinical outcome. Material and Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in children of age group one month to 18 years admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. Data including demographics, diagnostic categories, duration of hospital stay, predicted death rate (PDR) measured by PIM2 score was compared between survivors and non survivors. Logistic regression analysis was performed to arrive at a risk adjusted relationship between the different predictor variables and the probability of death. Results: Consecutive 130 children admitted to PICU during the study period were enrolled. The mean PDR (%) of the total study population was 22.4 ± 10.60. The mean PDR in survivors was 12.4 ± 7.80 while the PDR in non survivors was 44.2 ± 12.62 (p value < 0.001). Children with PDR < 1% had a mortality rate of 2.4% when compared to 71.4% in children with PDR > 5% (p value < 0.001). PDR by PIM2 score and the presence of hypo-albuminemia remained significant even after adjusting for age in multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: PDR measured by PIM2 score differentiated well between survivors and non survivors in PICU. The predicted death rate was less than the observed death rate. PIM2 score is a useful tool to assess the severity of illness and predict outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-152
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nepal Paediatric Society
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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