Because of the practical importance of acute radiation exposure associated with combined injuries, it is imperative to investigate the efficacy of cost-effective nutritional factors in the reconstruction of irradiated wounds. Therefore, effect of pretreatment of ascorbic acid was studied on the healing of excised wounds in mice exposed to 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy whole body γ-radiation. A full-thickness wound was created on the dorsum of the irradiated mice and the progression of wound contraction was monitored by capturing video images of the wound at various varying days after irradiation. Irradiation caused a dose dependent delay in wound contraction and wound healing time, while ascorbic acid pretreatment resulted in a significant acceleration in the rate of wound contraction and a decrease in the mean wound healing time. To understand the mechanism of healing, collagen, hexosamine, DNA, nitrite and nitrate contents were measured in the granulation tissue of wounded mice treated with ascorbic acid before exposure to 6 Gy γ-radiation. Ascorbic acid treatment prior to irradiation enhanced the synthesis of collagen, hexosamine, DNA, nitrite and nitrate contents. The histological assessment of wound biopsy revealed an improved collagen deposition, and increase in fibroblast and vascular densities. The present study demonstrates that ascorbic acid pretreatment has a beneficial effect on the irradiated wound and could be a substantial therapeutic strategy to accelerate wound repair in irradiated wounds and in the cases of combined injury situations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine