Risk factors that predispose individuals towards major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and periodontal disease (PD) often co-occur in the same individual. The common risk factor approach (CRFA) for controlling the risk factors associated with NCDs and PD ensures that modifying a few risk factors has an incredible impact on regulating many chronic conditions. To apply CRFA to NCDs and PD, it is essential to quantify the common risk factors of these conditions. The proposed hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study aims to assess the proportion overlap of risk factors that are common or shared between NCDs (cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2) and PD. The risk factors for PD and NCDs will be estimated in subjects aged 18 years and above, diagnosed with NCDs (DM type 2, CVD) or PD. This will be a non-directional study. The dependent variables analyzed will be PD and NCDs (DM type 2, CVD). The explanatory variables that are assessed will be: age, gender, address, occupation, access and affordability of care, familial pattern, family size, insurance, socioeconomic status, obesity, tobacco usage, physical activity, alcohol consumption, food frequency, stress, and oral hygiene. The research is expected to provide data which will aid in the development of advocacy initiatives to implement CRFA for PD and NCDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)