Three 4-thiazolidinones, two with nicotinamide (NAT1 and NAT2) and one with 4-chlorophenoxyacetamide (PAT1) side chains were evaluated for their hypolipidaemic, hypoglycaemic activity in Swiss albino mice fed a high-fat diet along with fructose administered in drinking water. NAT1 and PAT caused reduction of elevated triglycerides, cholesterol and glucose; NAT2 was effective only against triglycerides. Nicotinamide side chain might have contributed to the lipid lowering effect of both NAT1 and NAT2, but the bulky group of the latter could have affected proper binding to the receptor sites, making it ineffective against elevated cholesterol. On the other hand, the 4-chlorophenoxyacetamide side chain of PAT might have exerted powerful hypolipidaemic activity, despite the bulky substitution at C2. As antioxidants, NAT2 and PAT1 showed superior activity, compared to NAT1. The thiazolidinone ring might be responsible for the lipid lowering effect, which is however, modified by the type of substitutions at C2 and N of the ring. Detailed study is warranted to explain the mechanism of action of these compounds as also to make more potent ones.
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