Assessment of prescribing pattern among orthopedic in-patients using who prescribing indicators

S. Abhilash, Rashmi R. Rao, P. Sivaguha Yadunath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Evaluating the prescribing indicators regularly help to monitor the prescriptions to reduce indiscriminate use of drugs. The present study was conducted to explore the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients using the WHO prescribing indicators in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Mangalore. Methods: Data was collected from case records of orthopedic in-patients regarding patient demographics, diagnosis, and details of drugs in a structured pro forma and analyzed for the WHO prescribing indicators using descriptive statistics. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, percentages as applicable. Results: A total of 379 patient prescriptions were included in the study which consisted of 2195 drugs. Of the 379 patients, 221 (58.3%) were male and 158 (41.7%) were female. The mean age group of the patients was 44 years. Acute trauma such as fractures, tendon damage, and disc prolapse (57.8%) were the most common indications for admission. Analgesics were the most commonly prescribed group of drugs comprising 27.28% of the prescriptions followed by multivitamins (20.68%) and proton-pump inhibitors (17.12%). The most commonly prescribed analgesic was nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (86.81%). Most of the drugs (65.80%) were administered through the oral route and 40.31% of drugs were fixed-dose combinations. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 5.79± 2.59. Antibiotics were prescribed in 60.4% of the prescriptions. 76.3% of prescriptions were with injectables. Use of drugs by generic name was 7.7% and only 44% of drugs were from the national list of essential medicines 2015. Conclusion: The study provides an insight into the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients. It highlights the importance of emphasizing rational drug prescribing and toward improving awareness of the physicians and medical students to the WHO recommended standards on prescribing indicators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-509
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Orthopedics
Prescriptions
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Drug Prescriptions
Analgesics
Generic Drugs
Intervertebral Disc Displacement
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Tertiary Healthcare
Medical Students
Teaching Hospitals
Tendons
Names
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Age Groups
Demography
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Physicians
Injections
Wounds and Injuries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Abhilash, S. ; Rao, Rashmi R. ; Sivaguha Yadunath, P. / Assessment of prescribing pattern among orthopedic in-patients using who prescribing indicators. In: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 12. pp. 505-509.
@article{6bbd0a3ba56245d7a96b8c68e6a271f9,
title = "Assessment of prescribing pattern among orthopedic in-patients using who prescribing indicators",
abstract = "Objective: Evaluating the prescribing indicators regularly help to monitor the prescriptions to reduce indiscriminate use of drugs. The present study was conducted to explore the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients using the WHO prescribing indicators in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Mangalore. Methods: Data was collected from case records of orthopedic in-patients regarding patient demographics, diagnosis, and details of drugs in a structured pro forma and analyzed for the WHO prescribing indicators using descriptive statistics. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, percentages as applicable. Results: A total of 379 patient prescriptions were included in the study which consisted of 2195 drugs. Of the 379 patients, 221 (58.3{\%}) were male and 158 (41.7{\%}) were female. The mean age group of the patients was 44 years. Acute trauma such as fractures, tendon damage, and disc prolapse (57.8{\%}) were the most common indications for admission. Analgesics were the most commonly prescribed group of drugs comprising 27.28{\%} of the prescriptions followed by multivitamins (20.68{\%}) and proton-pump inhibitors (17.12{\%}). The most commonly prescribed analgesic was nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (86.81{\%}). Most of the drugs (65.80{\%}) were administered through the oral route and 40.31{\%} of drugs were fixed-dose combinations. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 5.79± 2.59. Antibiotics were prescribed in 60.4{\%} of the prescriptions. 76.3{\%} of prescriptions were with injectables. Use of drugs by generic name was 7.7{\%} and only 44{\%} of drugs were from the national list of essential medicines 2015. Conclusion: The study provides an insight into the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients. It highlights the importance of emphasizing rational drug prescribing and toward improving awareness of the physicians and medical students to the WHO recommended standards on prescribing indicators.",
author = "S. Abhilash and Rao, {Rashmi R.} and {Sivaguha Yadunath}, P.",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i12.28855",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "505--509",
journal = "Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research",
issn = "0974-2441",
publisher = "Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd",
number = "12",

}

Assessment of prescribing pattern among orthopedic in-patients using who prescribing indicators. / Abhilash, S.; Rao, Rashmi R.; Sivaguha Yadunath, P.

In: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 505-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of prescribing pattern among orthopedic in-patients using who prescribing indicators

AU - Abhilash, S.

AU - Rao, Rashmi R.

AU - Sivaguha Yadunath, P.

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Objective: Evaluating the prescribing indicators regularly help to monitor the prescriptions to reduce indiscriminate use of drugs. The present study was conducted to explore the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients using the WHO prescribing indicators in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Mangalore. Methods: Data was collected from case records of orthopedic in-patients regarding patient demographics, diagnosis, and details of drugs in a structured pro forma and analyzed for the WHO prescribing indicators using descriptive statistics. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, percentages as applicable. Results: A total of 379 patient prescriptions were included in the study which consisted of 2195 drugs. Of the 379 patients, 221 (58.3%) were male and 158 (41.7%) were female. The mean age group of the patients was 44 years. Acute trauma such as fractures, tendon damage, and disc prolapse (57.8%) were the most common indications for admission. Analgesics were the most commonly prescribed group of drugs comprising 27.28% of the prescriptions followed by multivitamins (20.68%) and proton-pump inhibitors (17.12%). The most commonly prescribed analgesic was nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (86.81%). Most of the drugs (65.80%) were administered through the oral route and 40.31% of drugs were fixed-dose combinations. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 5.79± 2.59. Antibiotics were prescribed in 60.4% of the prescriptions. 76.3% of prescriptions were with injectables. Use of drugs by generic name was 7.7% and only 44% of drugs were from the national list of essential medicines 2015. Conclusion: The study provides an insight into the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients. It highlights the importance of emphasizing rational drug prescribing and toward improving awareness of the physicians and medical students to the WHO recommended standards on prescribing indicators.

AB - Objective: Evaluating the prescribing indicators regularly help to monitor the prescriptions to reduce indiscriminate use of drugs. The present study was conducted to explore the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients using the WHO prescribing indicators in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Mangalore. Methods: Data was collected from case records of orthopedic in-patients regarding patient demographics, diagnosis, and details of drugs in a structured pro forma and analyzed for the WHO prescribing indicators using descriptive statistics. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, percentages as applicable. Results: A total of 379 patient prescriptions were included in the study which consisted of 2195 drugs. Of the 379 patients, 221 (58.3%) were male and 158 (41.7%) were female. The mean age group of the patients was 44 years. Acute trauma such as fractures, tendon damage, and disc prolapse (57.8%) were the most common indications for admission. Analgesics were the most commonly prescribed group of drugs comprising 27.28% of the prescriptions followed by multivitamins (20.68%) and proton-pump inhibitors (17.12%). The most commonly prescribed analgesic was nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (86.81%). Most of the drugs (65.80%) were administered through the oral route and 40.31% of drugs were fixed-dose combinations. The mean number of drugs per prescription was 5.79± 2.59. Antibiotics were prescribed in 60.4% of the prescriptions. 76.3% of prescriptions were with injectables. Use of drugs by generic name was 7.7% and only 44% of drugs were from the national list of essential medicines 2015. Conclusion: The study provides an insight into the prescribing pattern in orthopedic in-patients. It highlights the importance of emphasizing rational drug prescribing and toward improving awareness of the physicians and medical students to the WHO recommended standards on prescribing indicators.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058314429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058314429&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i12.28855

DO - 10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i12.28855

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 505

EP - 509

JO - Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research

JF - Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research

SN - 0974-2441

IS - 12

ER -