Association of Preoperative Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Hasan Gungor, Abraham Samuel Babu, Cemil Zencir, Mahmut Akpek, Mithat Selvi, Muhammet Huseyin Erkan, Selim Durmaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Subjects and Methods: A total of 125 patients were retrospectively analyzed. AF was diagnosed using standard clinical criteria, and PLR was calculated as the ratio of the platelets to lymphocytes, obtained from the blood samples that were taken in the fasting state before CABG surgery. The association of different variables with postoperative AF and PLR was calculated using univariate and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics curve was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PLR and the optimal cutoff value for predicting post-CABG AF. Results: Of the 125 patients, 50 with AF (mean age: 67.0 ± 9.5 years, 38 males and 12 females) and 75 patients without AF (mean age: 61.1 ± 9.1 years, 58 males and 17 females) were identified, and the difference in the mean age was statistically significant (p = 0.01). PLR was also significantly higher in those with AF (152.8 ± 82.2) than those without AF (118.2 ± 32.9) (p = 0.012). Univariate analysis showed that age and PLR were associated with AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). Using a multivariate logistic regression model with the backward elimination method, age and PLR remained as independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). PLR levels >119.3 predicted postoperative AF with 64% sensitivity and 56% specificity (AUC: 0.634, p = 0.012). Conclusion: In this study, age and PLR level were independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery. Patients with an elevated preoperative PLR were at higher risk of AF after CABG surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-168
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Principles and Practice
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2017

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Coronary Artery Bypass
Atrial Fibrillation
Blood Platelets
Lymphocytes
Transplants
Sensitivity and Specificity
ROC Curve
Area Under Curve
Fasting
Multivariate Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gungor, Hasan ; Babu, Abraham Samuel ; Zencir, Cemil ; Akpek, Mahmut ; Selvi, Mithat ; Erkan, Muhammet Huseyin ; Durmaz, Selim. / Association of Preoperative Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery. In: Medical Principles and Practice. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 164-168.
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title = "Association of Preoperative Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery",
abstract = "Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Subjects and Methods: A total of 125 patients were retrospectively analyzed. AF was diagnosed using standard clinical criteria, and PLR was calculated as the ratio of the platelets to lymphocytes, obtained from the blood samples that were taken in the fasting state before CABG surgery. The association of different variables with postoperative AF and PLR was calculated using univariate and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics curve was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PLR and the optimal cutoff value for predicting post-CABG AF. Results: Of the 125 patients, 50 with AF (mean age: 67.0 ± 9.5 years, 38 males and 12 females) and 75 patients without AF (mean age: 61.1 ± 9.1 years, 58 males and 17 females) were identified, and the difference in the mean age was statistically significant (p = 0.01). PLR was also significantly higher in those with AF (152.8 ± 82.2) than those without AF (118.2 ± 32.9) (p = 0.012). Univariate analysis showed that age and PLR were associated with AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). Using a multivariate logistic regression model with the backward elimination method, age and PLR remained as independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). PLR levels >119.3 predicted postoperative AF with 64{\%} sensitivity and 56{\%} specificity (AUC: 0.634, p = 0.012). Conclusion: In this study, age and PLR level were independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery. Patients with an elevated preoperative PLR were at higher risk of AF after CABG surgery.",
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Association of Preoperative Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery. / Gungor, Hasan; Babu, Abraham Samuel; Zencir, Cemil; Akpek, Mahmut; Selvi, Mithat; Erkan, Muhammet Huseyin; Durmaz, Selim.

In: Medical Principles and Practice, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 164-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of Preoperative Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio with Atrial Fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

AU - Gungor, Hasan

AU - Babu, Abraham Samuel

AU - Zencir, Cemil

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AU - Selvi, Mithat

AU - Erkan, Muhammet Huseyin

AU - Durmaz, Selim

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N2 - Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Subjects and Methods: A total of 125 patients were retrospectively analyzed. AF was diagnosed using standard clinical criteria, and PLR was calculated as the ratio of the platelets to lymphocytes, obtained from the blood samples that were taken in the fasting state before CABG surgery. The association of different variables with postoperative AF and PLR was calculated using univariate and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics curve was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PLR and the optimal cutoff value for predicting post-CABG AF. Results: Of the 125 patients, 50 with AF (mean age: 67.0 ± 9.5 years, 38 males and 12 females) and 75 patients without AF (mean age: 61.1 ± 9.1 years, 58 males and 17 females) were identified, and the difference in the mean age was statistically significant (p = 0.01). PLR was also significantly higher in those with AF (152.8 ± 82.2) than those without AF (118.2 ± 32.9) (p = 0.012). Univariate analysis showed that age and PLR were associated with AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). Using a multivariate logistic regression model with the backward elimination method, age and PLR remained as independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). PLR levels >119.3 predicted postoperative AF with 64% sensitivity and 56% specificity (AUC: 0.634, p = 0.012). Conclusion: In this study, age and PLR level were independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery. Patients with an elevated preoperative PLR were at higher risk of AF after CABG surgery.

AB - Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Subjects and Methods: A total of 125 patients were retrospectively analyzed. AF was diagnosed using standard clinical criteria, and PLR was calculated as the ratio of the platelets to lymphocytes, obtained from the blood samples that were taken in the fasting state before CABG surgery. The association of different variables with postoperative AF and PLR was calculated using univariate and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics curve was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of PLR and the optimal cutoff value for predicting post-CABG AF. Results: Of the 125 patients, 50 with AF (mean age: 67.0 ± 9.5 years, 38 males and 12 females) and 75 patients without AF (mean age: 61.1 ± 9.1 years, 58 males and 17 females) were identified, and the difference in the mean age was statistically significant (p = 0.01). PLR was also significantly higher in those with AF (152.8 ± 82.2) than those without AF (118.2 ± 32.9) (p = 0.012). Univariate analysis showed that age and PLR were associated with AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). Using a multivariate logistic regression model with the backward elimination method, age and PLR remained as independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). PLR levels >119.3 predicted postoperative AF with 64% sensitivity and 56% specificity (AUC: 0.634, p = 0.012). Conclusion: In this study, age and PLR level were independent predictors of AF after CABG surgery. Patients with an elevated preoperative PLR were at higher risk of AF after CABG surgery.

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