Automated segmentation of optic disc in fundus images plays a vital role in computer aided diagnosis (CAD) of eye pathologies. In this paper, a novel method is proposed which detects and excludes the blood vessel for accurate optic disc segmentation. This is achieved in two steps. First, an effective blood vessel detection and exclusion algorithm is developed using directional filter. In the second step, a decision tree classifier is used to obtain an adaptive threshold in order to detect the contour of optic disc. The proposed method aids in computationally robust segmentation of optic disc even in fundus images having illuminations, reflections and exudates. The proposed method is tested on two different datasets which includes 300 fundus images collected from Kasturba Medical College (KMC) Manipal and also the publically available RIM-ONE database. The average values of Jaccard index, dice coefficient, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy obtained for KMC images is 91.28 %, 94.17 %, 92.71 %, 99.89 % and 99.61 % respectively. For RIM-ONE database the obtained average values of Jaccard index, dice coefficient, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy are 85.30 %, 90.69 %, 93.90 %, 99.39 % and 99.15 % respectively. The obtained segmentation results proves the efficiency of the algorithm to be incorporated in CAD of eye diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering