Automatic question-answer pairs generation and question similarity mechanism in question answering system

Shivani G. Aithal, Abishek B. Rao, Sanjay Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


With the swift growth of the information over the past few years, taking full benefit is increasingly essential. Question Answering System is one of the promising methods to access this much information. The Question Answering System lacks humans’ common sense and reasoning power and cannot identify unanswerable questions and irrelevant questions. These questions are answered by making unreliable and incorrect guesses. In this paper, we address this limitation by proposing a Question Similarity mechanism. Before a question is posed to a Question-Answering system, it is compared with possible generated questions of the given paragraph, and then a Question Similarity Score is generated. The Question Similarity mechanism effectively identifies the unanswerable and irrelevant questions. The proposed Question Similarity mechanism incorporates a human way of reasoning to identify unanswerable and irrelevant questions. This mechanism can avoid the unanswerable and irrelevant questions altogether from being posed to the Question Answering system. It helps the Question Answering Systems to focus only on the answerable questions to improve their performance. Along with this, we introduce an application of the Question Answering System that generates the question-answer pairs given a passage and is useful in several fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8484-8497
JournalApplied Intelligence
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 11-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence

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