Azithromycin as treatment for cryptosporidiosis in human immunodeficiency virus disease

K. K. Kadappu, M. V. Nagaraja, P. V. Rao, B. A. Shastry

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Abstract

Background: Cryptosporidiosis caused by the protozoa Cryptosporidium, is the common cause of diarrhoea in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Aim: To study the efficacy of short-term azithromycin in the management of cryptosporidiosis. Settings and Design: Randomised, controlled trial. Material and Methods: All consecutive patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), who were positive for cryptosporidial oocysts were taken for this prospective randomised study. Result: Short-term azithromycin treatment for cryptosporidial diarrhoea in AIDS patients was associated with good clinical improvement but parasitological benefit was doubtful. All 13 patients, who had symptoms of cryptosporidiosis, symptomatically improved with 5 days of treatment with azithromycin and became asymptomatic after 7 days of antibiotic, but stool sample was positive for cryptosporidium even after 7 days of therapy. After 14 days of treatment with azithromycin in 13 patients, in five patients stool was free of cryptosporidial oocyst. The drug was well tolerated in all the patients. Conclusion: Short-term azithromycin can be used as a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic Cryptosporidiosis but not effective in eradicating Cryptosporidial infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-181
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Postgraduate Medicine
Volume48
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 07-2002

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kadappu, K. K., Nagaraja, M. V., Rao, P. V., & Shastry, B. A. (2002). Azithromycin as treatment for cryptosporidiosis in human immunodeficiency virus disease. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 48(3), 179-181.