Bacterial synthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate- co-hydroxyvalerate) using carbohydrate-rich mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers

P. K. Anil Kumar, T. R. Shamala, L. Kshama, M. H. Prakash, G. J. Joshi, A. Chandrashekar, K. S. Latha Kumari, M. S. Divyashree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The objective of the present work was to utilize an unrefined natural substrate namely mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, as a carbon source for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer by Bacillus sp-256. Methods and Results: In the present work, three bacterial strains were tested for PHA production on mahua flower extract (to impart 20 g l-1 sugar) amongst which, Bacillus sp-256 produced higher concentration of PHA in its biomass (51%) compared with Rhizobium meliloti (31%) or Sphingomonas sp (22%). Biosynthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) - P(HB-co-HV) - of 90 : 10 mol% by Bacillus sp-256 was observed by gas chromatographic analysis of the polymer. Major component of the flower is sugars (57% on dry weight basis) and additionally it also contains proteins, vitamins, organic acids and essential oils. The bacterium utilized malic acid present in the substrate as a co-carbon source for the copolymer production. The flowers could be used in the form of aqueous extract or as whole flowers. PHA content of biomass (%) and yield (g l-1) in a 3·0-l stirred tank fermentor after 30 h of fermentation under constant pH (7) and dissolved oxygen content (40%) were 54% and 2.7 g l-1, respectively. Corresponding yields for control fermentation with sucrose as carbon source were 52% and 2.5 g l-1. The polymer was characterized by proton NMR. Conclusions: Utilization of mahua flowers, a natural substrate for bacterial fermentation aimed at PHA production, had additional advantage, as the sugars and organic acids present in the flowers were metabolized by Bacillus sp-256 to synthesize P(HB-co-HV) copolymer. Significance and Impact of the Study: Literature reports on utilization of suitable cheaper natural substrate for PHA copolymer production is scanty. Mahua flowers used in the present experiment is a cheaper carbon substrate compared with several commercial substrates and it is rich in main carbon as well as co-carbon sources that can be utilized by bacteria for PHA copolymer production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-209
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2007

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Madhuca
Hydroxybutyrates
Polyhydroxyalkanoates
Carbohydrates
Carbon
Bacillus
Fermentation
Biomass
Polymers
Sphingomonas
Sinorhizobium meliloti
Bacteria
Sugar Acids
Bioreactors
Volatile Oils
Vitamins
Gas Chromatography
Sucrose
Protons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Anil Kumar, P. K. ; Shamala, T. R. ; Kshama, L. ; Prakash, M. H. ; Joshi, G. J. ; Chandrashekar, A. ; Latha Kumari, K. S. ; Divyashree, M. S. / Bacterial synthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate- co-hydroxyvalerate) using carbohydrate-rich mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers. In: Journal of Applied Microbiology. 2007 ; Vol. 103, No. 1. pp. 204-209.
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title = "Bacterial synthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate- co-hydroxyvalerate) using carbohydrate-rich mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers",
abstract = "Aims: The objective of the present work was to utilize an unrefined natural substrate namely mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, as a carbon source for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer by Bacillus sp-256. Methods and Results: In the present work, three bacterial strains were tested for PHA production on mahua flower extract (to impart 20 g l-1 sugar) amongst which, Bacillus sp-256 produced higher concentration of PHA in its biomass (51{\%}) compared with Rhizobium meliloti (31{\%}) or Sphingomonas sp (22{\%}). Biosynthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) - P(HB-co-HV) - of 90 : 10 mol{\%} by Bacillus sp-256 was observed by gas chromatographic analysis of the polymer. Major component of the flower is sugars (57{\%} on dry weight basis) and additionally it also contains proteins, vitamins, organic acids and essential oils. The bacterium utilized malic acid present in the substrate as a co-carbon source for the copolymer production. The flowers could be used in the form of aqueous extract or as whole flowers. PHA content of biomass ({\%}) and yield (g l-1) in a 3·0-l stirred tank fermentor after 30 h of fermentation under constant pH (7) and dissolved oxygen content (40{\%}) were 54{\%} and 2.7 g l-1, respectively. Corresponding yields for control fermentation with sucrose as carbon source were 52{\%} and 2.5 g l-1. The polymer was characterized by proton NMR. Conclusions: Utilization of mahua flowers, a natural substrate for bacterial fermentation aimed at PHA production, had additional advantage, as the sugars and organic acids present in the flowers were metabolized by Bacillus sp-256 to synthesize P(HB-co-HV) copolymer. Significance and Impact of the Study: Literature reports on utilization of suitable cheaper natural substrate for PHA copolymer production is scanty. Mahua flowers used in the present experiment is a cheaper carbon substrate compared with several commercial substrates and it is rich in main carbon as well as co-carbon sources that can be utilized by bacteria for PHA copolymer production.",
author = "{Anil Kumar}, {P. K.} and Shamala, {T. R.} and L. Kshama and Prakash, {M. H.} and Joshi, {G. J.} and A. Chandrashekar and {Latha Kumari}, {K. S.} and Divyashree, {M. S.}",
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Bacterial synthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate- co-hydroxyvalerate) using carbohydrate-rich mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers. / Anil Kumar, P. K.; Shamala, T. R.; Kshama, L.; Prakash, M. H.; Joshi, G. J.; Chandrashekar, A.; Latha Kumari, K. S.; Divyashree, M. S.

In: Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 103, No. 1, 01.07.2007, p. 204-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bacterial synthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate- co-hydroxyvalerate) using carbohydrate-rich mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers

AU - Anil Kumar, P. K.

AU - Shamala, T. R.

AU - Kshama, L.

AU - Prakash, M. H.

AU - Joshi, G. J.

AU - Chandrashekar, A.

AU - Latha Kumari, K. S.

AU - Divyashree, M. S.

PY - 2007/7/1

Y1 - 2007/7/1

N2 - Aims: The objective of the present work was to utilize an unrefined natural substrate namely mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, as a carbon source for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer by Bacillus sp-256. Methods and Results: In the present work, three bacterial strains were tested for PHA production on mahua flower extract (to impart 20 g l-1 sugar) amongst which, Bacillus sp-256 produced higher concentration of PHA in its biomass (51%) compared with Rhizobium meliloti (31%) or Sphingomonas sp (22%). Biosynthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) - P(HB-co-HV) - of 90 : 10 mol% by Bacillus sp-256 was observed by gas chromatographic analysis of the polymer. Major component of the flower is sugars (57% on dry weight basis) and additionally it also contains proteins, vitamins, organic acids and essential oils. The bacterium utilized malic acid present in the substrate as a co-carbon source for the copolymer production. The flowers could be used in the form of aqueous extract or as whole flowers. PHA content of biomass (%) and yield (g l-1) in a 3·0-l stirred tank fermentor after 30 h of fermentation under constant pH (7) and dissolved oxygen content (40%) were 54% and 2.7 g l-1, respectively. Corresponding yields for control fermentation with sucrose as carbon source were 52% and 2.5 g l-1. The polymer was characterized by proton NMR. Conclusions: Utilization of mahua flowers, a natural substrate for bacterial fermentation aimed at PHA production, had additional advantage, as the sugars and organic acids present in the flowers were metabolized by Bacillus sp-256 to synthesize P(HB-co-HV) copolymer. Significance and Impact of the Study: Literature reports on utilization of suitable cheaper natural substrate for PHA copolymer production is scanty. Mahua flowers used in the present experiment is a cheaper carbon substrate compared with several commercial substrates and it is rich in main carbon as well as co-carbon sources that can be utilized by bacteria for PHA copolymer production.

AB - Aims: The objective of the present work was to utilize an unrefined natural substrate namely mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, as a carbon source for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer by Bacillus sp-256. Methods and Results: In the present work, three bacterial strains were tested for PHA production on mahua flower extract (to impart 20 g l-1 sugar) amongst which, Bacillus sp-256 produced higher concentration of PHA in its biomass (51%) compared with Rhizobium meliloti (31%) or Sphingomonas sp (22%). Biosynthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) - P(HB-co-HV) - of 90 : 10 mol% by Bacillus sp-256 was observed by gas chromatographic analysis of the polymer. Major component of the flower is sugars (57% on dry weight basis) and additionally it also contains proteins, vitamins, organic acids and essential oils. The bacterium utilized malic acid present in the substrate as a co-carbon source for the copolymer production. The flowers could be used in the form of aqueous extract or as whole flowers. PHA content of biomass (%) and yield (g l-1) in a 3·0-l stirred tank fermentor after 30 h of fermentation under constant pH (7) and dissolved oxygen content (40%) were 54% and 2.7 g l-1, respectively. Corresponding yields for control fermentation with sucrose as carbon source were 52% and 2.5 g l-1. The polymer was characterized by proton NMR. Conclusions: Utilization of mahua flowers, a natural substrate for bacterial fermentation aimed at PHA production, had additional advantage, as the sugars and organic acids present in the flowers were metabolized by Bacillus sp-256 to synthesize P(HB-co-HV) copolymer. Significance and Impact of the Study: Literature reports on utilization of suitable cheaper natural substrate for PHA copolymer production is scanty. Mahua flowers used in the present experiment is a cheaper carbon substrate compared with several commercial substrates and it is rich in main carbon as well as co-carbon sources that can be utilized by bacteria for PHA copolymer production.

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