Bifurcated plantaris with rare relations to the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa

Sushma R. Kotian, K. S. Sachin, Kumar M.R. Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The plantaris muscle (PM) is a vestigial muscle in human. The PM arises as a small muscular belly from the lateral condyle of the femur and then its long tendon inserts into the calcaneum or blends with the tendocalcaneus. There are many reports to describe the variations in the origin, nature of muscle, course of the tendon, and insertion of PM. However, here we report a case of a rare and unreported variation of PM with one common origin and two muscle bellies with peculiar relations with the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Although its anatomical functions are insignificant, its tendon is useful as a graft in various reconstructive surgeries and variation in this muscle and its relation to nearby neurovascular bundle may be of clinical interest. Therefore, the present variation is worth considering in predicting uncommon neurovascular entrapment in the leg and may also be useful in various surgical procedures in the region of the knee joint.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-241
Number of pages3
JournalAnatomical Science International
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2013

Fingerprint

Skeletal Muscle
Tendons
Muscles
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Knee Joint
Femur
Leg
Transplants
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy

Cite this

@article{febb2e44d45a496ab2d0263f0589fac2,
title = "Bifurcated plantaris with rare relations to the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa",
abstract = "The plantaris muscle (PM) is a vestigial muscle in human. The PM arises as a small muscular belly from the lateral condyle of the femur and then its long tendon inserts into the calcaneum or blends with the tendocalcaneus. There are many reports to describe the variations in the origin, nature of muscle, course of the tendon, and insertion of PM. However, here we report a case of a rare and unreported variation of PM with one common origin and two muscle bellies with peculiar relations with the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Although its anatomical functions are insignificant, its tendon is useful as a graft in various reconstructive surgeries and variation in this muscle and its relation to nearby neurovascular bundle may be of clinical interest. Therefore, the present variation is worth considering in predicting uncommon neurovascular entrapment in the leg and may also be useful in various surgical procedures in the region of the knee joint.",
author = "Kotian, {Sushma R.} and Sachin, {K. S.} and Bhat, {Kumar M.R.}",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1007/s12565-013-0184-z",
language = "English",
volume = "88",
pages = "239--241",
journal = "Anatomical Science International",
issn = "1447-6959",
publisher = "American Orthopsychiatric Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Bifurcated plantaris with rare relations to the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. / Kotian, Sushma R.; Sachin, K. S.; Bhat, Kumar M.R.

In: Anatomical Science International, Vol. 88, No. 4, 09.2013, p. 239-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bifurcated plantaris with rare relations to the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa

AU - Kotian, Sushma R.

AU - Sachin, K. S.

AU - Bhat, Kumar M.R.

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - The plantaris muscle (PM) is a vestigial muscle in human. The PM arises as a small muscular belly from the lateral condyle of the femur and then its long tendon inserts into the calcaneum or blends with the tendocalcaneus. There are many reports to describe the variations in the origin, nature of muscle, course of the tendon, and insertion of PM. However, here we report a case of a rare and unreported variation of PM with one common origin and two muscle bellies with peculiar relations with the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Although its anatomical functions are insignificant, its tendon is useful as a graft in various reconstructive surgeries and variation in this muscle and its relation to nearby neurovascular bundle may be of clinical interest. Therefore, the present variation is worth considering in predicting uncommon neurovascular entrapment in the leg and may also be useful in various surgical procedures in the region of the knee joint.

AB - The plantaris muscle (PM) is a vestigial muscle in human. The PM arises as a small muscular belly from the lateral condyle of the femur and then its long tendon inserts into the calcaneum or blends with the tendocalcaneus. There are many reports to describe the variations in the origin, nature of muscle, course of the tendon, and insertion of PM. However, here we report a case of a rare and unreported variation of PM with one common origin and two muscle bellies with peculiar relations with the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Although its anatomical functions are insignificant, its tendon is useful as a graft in various reconstructive surgeries and variation in this muscle and its relation to nearby neurovascular bundle may be of clinical interest. Therefore, the present variation is worth considering in predicting uncommon neurovascular entrapment in the leg and may also be useful in various surgical procedures in the region of the knee joint.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84883195143&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84883195143&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12565-013-0184-z

DO - 10.1007/s12565-013-0184-z

M3 - Article

VL - 88

SP - 239

EP - 241

JO - Anatomical Science International

JF - Anatomical Science International

SN - 1447-6959

IS - 4

ER -