Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage

Dhananjaya Kekuda, Chih Wei Chu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We demonstrate the construction of an efficient bilayer polymer solar cell comprising of Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as a p-type semiconductor and asymmetric fullerene (C70) as n-type counterparts. The bilayer configuration was very efficient compared to the individual layer perfornance and it behaved like a regular p-n junction device. The photovoltaic characteristic of the bilayers were studied under AM 1.5 solar radiation and the optimized device parameters are the following: Voc=0.5V, Jsc=10.1 mA/cm 2, FF=0.60 and power conversion efficiency of 3.6 %. A high fill factor of ∼0.6 was achieved, which is only slightly reduced at very intense illumination. Balanced mobility between p-and n-layers is achieved which is essential for achieving high device performance. Correlation between the crystallinity, morphology and the transport properties of the active layers is established. The External quantum efficiency (EQE) spectral distribution of the bilayer devices with different processing solvents correlates well with the trends of short circuit current densities (Jsc) measured under illumination. Efficiency of the bilayer devices with rough P3HT layer was found to be about 3 times higher than those with a planar P3HT surface. Hence it is desirable to have a larger grains with a rough surface of P3HT layer for providing larger interfacial area for the exciton dissociation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptics
Subtitle of host publicationPhenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light
Pages229-231
Number of pages3
Volume1391
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-11-2011
EventInternational Conference on Light Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011 - Calicut, Kerala, India
Duration: 23-05-201125-05-2011

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Light Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011
CountryIndia
CityCalicut, Kerala
Period23-05-1125-05-11

Fingerprint

solar cells
polymers
illumination
p-type semiconductors
short circuit currents
solar radiation
p-n junctions
fullerenes
quantum efficiency
crystallinity
transport properties
excitons
dissociation
current density
trends
configurations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Kekuda, D., & Chu, C. W. (2011). Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage. In Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light (Vol. 1391, pp. 229-231) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3646833
Kekuda, Dhananjaya ; Chu, Chih Wei. / Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage. Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light. Vol. 1391 2011. pp. 229-231
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abstract = "We demonstrate the construction of an efficient bilayer polymer solar cell comprising of Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as a p-type semiconductor and asymmetric fullerene (C70) as n-type counterparts. The bilayer configuration was very efficient compared to the individual layer perfornance and it behaved like a regular p-n junction device. The photovoltaic characteristic of the bilayers were studied under AM 1.5 solar radiation and the optimized device parameters are the following: Voc=0.5V, Jsc=10.1 mA/cm 2, FF=0.60 and power conversion efficiency of 3.6 {\%}. A high fill factor of ∼0.6 was achieved, which is only slightly reduced at very intense illumination. Balanced mobility between p-and n-layers is achieved which is essential for achieving high device performance. Correlation between the crystallinity, morphology and the transport properties of the active layers is established. The External quantum efficiency (EQE) spectral distribution of the bilayer devices with different processing solvents correlates well with the trends of short circuit current densities (Jsc) measured under illumination. Efficiency of the bilayer devices with rough P3HT layer was found to be about 3 times higher than those with a planar P3HT surface. Hence it is desirable to have a larger grains with a rough surface of P3HT layer for providing larger interfacial area for the exciton dissociation.",
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Kekuda, D & Chu, CW 2011, Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage. in Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light. vol. 1391, pp. 229-231, International Conference on Light Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011, Calicut, Kerala, India, 23-05-11. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3646833

Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage. / Kekuda, Dhananjaya; Chu, Chih Wei.

Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light. Vol. 1391 2011. p. 229-231.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Kekuda D, Chu CW. Bilayer polymer solar cells with improved power conversion efficiency and enhanced spectrum coverage. In Optics: Phenomena, Materials, Devices, and Characterization, OPTICS 2011: International Conference on Light. Vol. 1391. 2011. p. 229-231 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3646833