Biodegradable composite scaffolds of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) 85: 15 and nano-hydroxyapatite with acidic microclimate controlling additive

Kishore Ginjupalli, Ranjith Kumar Averineni, Gopal Venkat Shavi, Karthik Armugam, Mahalinga Bhat, N. Udupa, Srinivasa Reddy Meka

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The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize biodegradable scaffolds of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA 85:15) and nano-hydroxyapatite (HA) containing magnesium carbonate (MC) as acidic microclimate controlling additive. Porous and nonporous scaffolds of PLGA 85:15 and nano-HA containing MC were prepared by solvent casting and particulate leaching method. Scaffolds were degraded at pH 7.4 phosphate buffer for 90 days. At regular intervals, pH of the degradation medium, release of degradation products, mass loss, water sorption, and tensile strength were measured. The results showed that the pH of the degradation medium significantly decreased with control specimens, whereas the scaffolds with MC did not show significant changes. In addition, acidic monomer release from the scaffolds with MC was found to be less, whereas the water sorption was found to be significantly higher. The tensile strength of the scaffold was found to be dependent on the concentration of HA and porosity. These results indicate that incorporation of MC to PLGA 85:15 scaffolds reduces the acidic microclimate with changes in mass loss, water sorption, and strength properties. POLYM. COMPOS., 38:1175–1182, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1182
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Composites
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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