Biomass-derived versatile activated carbon removes both heavy metals and dye molecules from wastewater with near-unity efficiency: Mechanism and kinetics

Prajwal Sherugar, Mahesh Padaki, Nagaraj S. Naik, Sajan D. George, Dharmapura H.K. Murthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to the ever-increasing industrialization, it is critical to protect the environment and conserve water resources by developing efficient wastewater treatment methods. Traditional methods that simultaneously remove heavy metal ions and complex dyes are too expensive and tedious to commercialize. This work demonstrates the versatility, effectiveness, and potential of a biomass-derived adsorbent (from a mangrove fruit of Rhizophora mucronata) synthesized using a simple route for rapid adsorption of complex dyes and heavy metals with an efficiency of near unity. The cartridges were prepared using activated carbon that removes both dye molecules and heavy metal ions simultaneously from wastewater, corroborating its applicability/feasibility to treat wastewater. Owing to the high surface area (1061.5 m2g-1) and the pore volume (0.5325 cm3g-1), the adsorbent showed >99% removal efficiency in just 12 min of exposure to wastewater. The cartridge exhibits >90% removal efficiency of both dyes and heavy metals from its mixed feed solution. The Langmuir and Freundlich models successfully explained the adsorption kinetics. These developed cartridges are versatile, rapid, efficient, and promising candidates for environmental remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132085
JournalChemosphere
Volume287
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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