Microorganisms are useful systems for the production of biocompatible metal nanoparticles. Copper, an essential element of life, has good therapeutic potential. However, copper lacks suitable form for effective in vivo delivery, which has diminished its applicability. In this study, we produced biosynthesized copper nanoparticles (BCuNps) using a copper-resistant bacterial isolate from copper mine. The organism was able to tolerate >10 mM of copper and when analysed by 16S rRNA technique, showed 100% similarity with Bacillus cereus. BCuNps, produced by this microorganism, in cell-free filtrate, were characterized for surface plasmon resonance (SPR), particle's characteristics, spectroscopic properties and morphology. SPR peaks for BCuNps were recorded between 570–620 and 350–370 nm. BCuNps characteristics, namely particle size distribution, polydispersity index and zeta potential were found to be 11–33 nm, 0.433 and (−) 19.6 mV, respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) analyses confirmed the uniform morphology; X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectrum revealed the crystalline nature; and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum disclosed the presence of protein with BCuNps. A comparative evaluation of BCuNps with copper sulphate to determine their antimicrobial and cell toxicity levels was undertaken. BCuNps showed better antimicrobial effect and found to be safer against normal cell lines, such as HaCat, Vero and hFOB, than the copper sulphate control.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology